Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2012 with funding from Federally funded with LSTA funds through the Massachusetts Board of Library Commissioners http://archive.org/details/transactionsofma1932mass 1932 YEAR BOOK OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY WITH THE ANNUAL REPORTS FOR 1931 Foreword The Committee on Lectures and Publications has the honor to present herewith the ninth number of the Society's Year Book, with which is combined the annual reports for the year 1931. Howard Coonley, Chairman. Boston, Mass. May 10, 1932. Table of Contents Foreword . 3 Officers for 1932 . . . . 9 Committees for 1932 11 Medals and Certificates Awarded in 1931 13 George R. White Medal Award 21 The Dawson Medal Award 22 Thomas Roland Medal Award 23 Award to Miss Preston . 26 Award to Mrs. Low .27 Dates of the Exhibitions in 1932 28 Stone Memorial Garden Prize 29 The Late Albert C. Bur rage 31 Awards for Gardens 35 Illustrations of Gardens to Which Awards Were Made in 1931 ; .... 37 Garden Clubs in Massachusetts 48 Periodicals Received, 1931 54 Gifts to the Library . . . . . . 59 Library Accessions 60 The Oldest Garden Club 67 The Annual Meeting, 1932 . . . . . . . . . . . 71 Address of the President 71 Report of the Secretary 74 Report of the Treasurer ........... 78 Report of the Library Committee 86 Report of the Committee on Lectures and Publications 87 Report of the Committee on Exhibitions 91 Report of the Committee on Prizes 95 Committee on Products of Children's Gardens . ' . . 96 The Result of Balloting 97 Membership in the Massachusetts Horticultural Society . 98 Necrology '. . 99 Honorary Members . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 Corresponding Members . 100 New Members in 1931 . . 103 List of Illustrations Edwin S. Webster 8 Hugh Bancroft 10 George W. Butterworth 12 Dr. Frederick V. Coville 20 J. D. Eisele 24 William H. Judd 24 Mrs. Judith Eleanor Motley Low 25 Miss Isabella Preston .25 An alley in congested section of Boston .' . 29 One of the alley gardens awarded a prize from Galen L. Stone Fund 30 The Late Albert Cameron Burrage 32 Illustrations of Gardens to Which Awards Were Made in 1931 37-47 Breck's exhibit, a feature of Spring Flower- Exhibition, Horticultural Hall, 1932 . 68 Wild garden of W. C. Curtis and Ormond Hamilton, awarded President's Cup at Spring Show in 1932 . 70 The paved garden of Edwin S. Webster of Chestnut Hill, feature at 1932 Spring Flower Show . . . . . 77 The garden of Mrs. Charles G. Weld at the Spring Exhi- bition at Horticultural Hall, 1932 90 Exhibit of Mrs. Homer Gage at the Spring Exhibition in Horticultural Hall in 1932 94 Edwin S. Webster President of the Society THE BOARD OF GOVERNMENT OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY FOR THE YEAR 1932 President EDWIN S. WEBSTER Vice-Presidents Oakes Ames Walter Hunnewell Trustees John S. Ames Oakes Ames Francis H. Appleton Hugh Bancroft Albert C. Burrage, Jr. George Butterworth Miss Marian R. Case Joseph E. Chandler Howard Coonley Mrs. S. V. R. Crosby Ernest B. Dane Edwin S. William C Endicott Mrs. Homer Gage G. Peabody Gardner, Jr. Samuel J. Goddard Walter Hunnewell Harlan P. Kelsey Nathaniel T. Kidder James Methven Robert G. Stone Mrs. Bayard Thayer Henry P. Walcott Webster Treasurer John S. Ames Secretary Edward I. Farrington Hugh Banceoft of Cohasset, elected a Trustee in 1931 COMMITTEES APPOINTED MAY 2, 1932 Executive Committee EDWIN S. WEBSTER, Chairman OAKES AMES JOHN S. AMES WALTER HUNNEWELL MRS. HOMER GAGE Finance Committee EDWIN S. WEBSTER, Chairman . JOHN S. AMES ERNEST B. DANE Membership Committee WALTER HUNNEWELL, Chairman GEORGE PEABODY GARDNER, JR. ROBERT G. STONE Committee on Exhibitions HARLAN P. KELSEY, Chairman SAMUEL J. GODDARD HAROLD S. ROSS GEORGE W. BUTTERWORTH ROBERT ROLAND Committee on Prizes JAMES METHVEN, Chairman WALTER HUNNEWELL JOHN S. DOIG HARLAN P. KELSEY HAROLD S. ROSS Committee on Library NATHANIEL T. KIDDER, Chairman JOHN S. AMES MRS. BAYARD THAYER Committee on Lectures and Publications HOWARD COONLEY, Chairman ALBERT C. BURRAGE, JR. HUGH BANCROFT Committee on Special Medals OAKES AMES, Chairman WILLIAM C. ENDIOOTT HARLAN P. KELSEY MRS. S. V. R. CROSBY SAMUEL J. GODDARD Committee on Gardens MRS. BAYARD THAYER, Chairman WALTER HUNNEWELL MRS. S. V. R. CROSBY ROBERT G. STONE MRS. F. B. CROWNINSHIELD Committee on Building EDWIN S. WEBSTER, Chairman JOHN S. AMES JOSEPH E. CHANDLER Committee on Children's Gardens Exhibitions MISS MARIAN ROBY CASE, Chairman DANIEL W. O'BRIEN MRS. LEWIS A. ELLIOTT George W. Butterworth of Framingham, elected a Trustee in 1931 Medals and Certificates Awarded in 1931 Albert C. Burrage Gold Vase Bobbink & Atkins, for their exhibit at the Spring show George Robert White Medal of Honor Frederick V. Coville, for eminent service in horticulture Jackson Dawson Memorial Medal William H. Judd, for skill in propagating hardy woody pla.nts Thomas Roland Medal J. D. Eisele, for skill in horticulture President's Cup Dr. Walter G. Kendall, for a display of grapes Robert Laurie, for a group of alpines Gold or Silver Plate Mrs. Galen L. Stone, for a group of Acacias The Pennsylvania Horticultural Society's Gold Medal Mrs. E. B. Dane, for an exhibit of native Ferns The Horticultural Society of New York's Gold Medal Harlan P. Kelsey, Inc., for a woodland scene American Peony Society's Silver Medal Cherry Hill Nurseries, for Peony Walter Faxon Gold Medal of the Chestnut Hill Garden Club Chestnut Hill Garden Club, for the best color combination Large Gold Medals John S. Ames, for a group of Kurume Azaleas Mr. and Mrs. John S. Ames, for their estate at North Easton (H. H Hunnewell Fund) Bay State Nurseries, for a rock and perennial garden Bay State Nurseries, for an outdoor living-room Bobbink & Atkins, for a Rose garden Bobbink & Atkins, for a collection of Rhododendrons and Azaleas Breck's, for a bulb garden Mrs. Albert C. Burrage, for a Primrose garden Albert C. Burrage, for a group of miscellaneous Orchids Cherry Hill Nurseries, for a display of Peonies R. & J. Farquhar Co., for an informal garden 13 14 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Mrs. E. V. Hartford, for a Lily garden Mrs. E. V. Hartford, for trained Chrysanthemums Mrs. Clement S. Houghton, for a miniature rock garden (at the Chestnut Hill show) Harlan P. Kelsey, Inc., for a New England Spring garden Littlefield-Wyman Nurseries, for a home garden Judith Eleanor Motley Low, founder of Lowthorpe School of Land- scape Architecture for Women New England Wild Flower Preservation Society, for "The Nature Trail" F. R. Pierson, for a collection of Ferns Mrs. Harold I. Pratt (at exhibition of the Horticultural Society of New York) Isabella Preston, for her experimental work with Lilies (Wm. N. Craig Fund) J. J. LaMontagne & Son, for a display of Carnations New England Carnation Growers' Association, for an exhibit of Carnations Harold Patten, for a display of Carnations R. W. Pierce, for a collection of vegetables R. W. Pierce, for a collection of apples Thomas Roland, Inc., for a group of Acacias Thomas Roland, Inc., for a group of Orchids Mrs. R. M. Saltonstall, for a group of flowering plants Mrs. R. M. Saltonstall, for a collection of greenhouse foliage and flowering plants Seabrook Nurseries, for a display of Gladioli George N. Smith, for a collection of Irises Stoughton Nurseries, for a rock garden Mrs. Moses Taylor, for a collection of vegetables Mrs. M. M. vanBeuren, for a group of Chrysanthemum plants and cut flowers Edwin S. Webster, for a group of miscellaneous Orchids Edwin S. Webster, for a group of stove and greenhouse foliage and flowering plants Edwin S. Webster, for a group of Orchids Myron S. Wheeler, for a collection of fruits Exhibition Gold Medals Bay State Nurseries, for a display of perennials Beatrice Gardens, for a display of Dahlias Bobbink & Atkins, for hybrid Azaleas Bobbink & Atkins, for a collection of seedling Azaleas Breck's, for Chrysanthemum Aladdin (two) MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES AWARDED IN 1931 15 Mrs. Albert C. Burrage, for a group of Camellias Mrs. Albert C. Burrage, for a group of Anthuriums Albert C. Burrage, for a group of Odontoglossums Butterworth's, for a group of Cypripediums Butterworth's, for a group of Cymbidiums Butterworth's, for a group of Dendrobiums Cherry Hill Nurseries, for evergreen Rhododendrons Cherry Hill Nurseries, for a display of Peonies Cherry Hill Nurseries, for a group of evergreen coniferous plants, hardy in New England. William N. Craig, for a collection of perennials William N. Craig, for a collection of Lilies Joseph F. Cummings, for a collection of vegetables Mrs. Maurice J. Curran, for a bulb and Lily border Ernest B. Dane, for a group of miscellaneous Orchids Ernest B. Dane, for a group of Cypripediums Jere A. Downs, for Cymbidium Beatrice Jere A. Downs, for a group of Cymbidiums W. W. Edgar Co., for a display of Elliott's Calla and blue flowers R. & J. Farquhar Co., for a Chrysanthemum garden Mr. and Mrs. C. W. Goodridge, Milton, for a porch overlooking a garden Mrs. E. V. Hartford, for a group of Elliott's Calla and blue flowers Hoffman, Florist, for a display of Roses W. D. Howard, for a display of Carnations Silver Medals The Aquarium Club of The Teacher's College, for a display of aquatic plants Mrs. Hugh Bancroft, for Miltonia var. vexillaria George P. Barr, for a display of Carnations Bauer- Steinkamp Co., for the white Carnation Patricia John Bauernfeind, for a collection of grapes Bay State Nurseries, for a display of evergreens Beatrice Gardens, for a display of Cactus Dahlias Beatrice Gardens, for a basket of Dahlias, other than single or Cactus Mrs. Walter Beck, for a miniature rock garden Seth A. Bordon, for a collection of Cattleya Orchids Boston Mycological Club, for a collection of mushrooms Breck's, for a herbaceous border garden against a fence Breck's, for a flower garden Mrs. Harold Brown, for a vase of yellow Roses Mrs. Albert C. Burrage, for a collection of Wisterias Butterworth's, for a specimen Cymbidium Butterworth's, for a group of Orchids J() .MASS AC 1 HU SETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Cambridge Plant Club, as the oldest garden club in America Cherry Hill Nurseries, for evergreen and rock planting around a garden feature Cherry Hill Nurseries, for a collection of cut flowers of flowering shrubs Cherry Hill Nurseries, for a basket of 25 Peony blooms Chestnut Hill Garden Club, for a border planting against a wall Mrs. Jay Clark, Jr., for an herb garden Howard Coonley, for Hydrangeas William N. Craig, for a collection of hardy Chrysanthemums T. F. Donahue, for a display of Irises * T. F. Donahue, for an Iris collection Jere A. Downs, for a specimen Orchid Stuart Duncan, for a collection of Roses Eastern Nurseries, for Heather and other plants John C. Haartz, for a collection of succulents, miniature garden and house plants Mrs. E. V. Hartford, for a collection of hardy herbaceous perennials Walter Hunnewell, for a collection of cut Rhododendrons Mrs. Ellerton James, for a collection of vegetables Alice Kauser, Silvermine Nurseries, for a collection of alpines J. J. LaMontagne & Son, for a display of Carnations Walter E. Lenk, for improved Gardenias Massachusetts State College, for a display of tools and plants Massachusetts State College, Dept. of Olericulture, for an exhibit of Solanaceae Mrs. Jennie Atterbury McGinley, for her garden at Smith's Point W. J. McKee, for Iris Sensation Melrose Garden Club, for a display of medicinal herbs and seeds Mrs. Thomas Nesmith, for a group of Irises New England Nurseries, for a group of evergreen coniferous plants W. C. Otis, for a basket of 15 Peony blooms Parker Brothers, for a collection of apples Parker Brothers, for a collection of fruits R. W. Pierce, for a collection of vegetables Quidnessett Farm, for a collection of vegetables E. E. Randall, for a garden Charles H. Rice, for a display of Carnations Jelle Roos, for a display of Dahlias Henry Stewart, for Dendrobiums Mrs. Galen Stone, for a Dove Orchid Stoughton Nurseries, for hardy European Ferns William H. Vanderbilt, for a group of Chrysanthemum plants and flowers Frances S. Waxman, for a display of flower paintings MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES AWARDED IN 1931 17 Edwin S. Webster, for a display of Miltonia Orchids Edwin S. Webster, for a specimen Begonia Weston Nurseries, for a rock garden Eric Wetterlow, for a display of Primroses White & Johnson, for a display of Carnations Mr. and Mrs. Geoffrey G. Whitney, for their garden at Woods Hole Bronze Medals Arnold Arboretum, for cut branches of ornamental trees and shrubs in fruit Charles T. Beasley, for a display of Pansies Clark W. Brown, for a display of Gladioli Butterworth's, for Cypripedium Orchids Cape Cod Nurseries, for a specimen Boxwood J. R. Cass, for a basket of single Dahlias T. F. Donahue, for a group of Irises James Donald, for a collection of cut flowers of flowering shrubs Edgell Road Gardens, for rock garden plants Ruth Ely, for a miniature garden Milton Garden Club, for a border planting against a wall Ben P. P. Moseley, for Azalea vernaeneana Norfolk County Agricultural School, for seedling Chrysanthemums North Bennet Street Industrial School, for a courtyard garden Harry A. Norton, for a collection of Lilacs Mrs. Arthur K. Paddock, for a planting around a garden feature Mrs.W. B. Parker, for a basket of 25 Peony blooms Mrs. W. B. Parker, for a basket of 15 Peony blooms Isaac Racz, for a collection of succulents Thomas Roland, Inc., for improved Scabiosa caueasica Mrs. Gertrude I. Titus, for a basket of climbing Roses Weston Nurseries, for a display of perennials Bronze Medals, for Children's Gardens, Donated by Miss Marian Roby Case, Hillcrest Gardens, Weston, Mass. Everett G. Abbott, North Reading Robert W. Atwood, Jamaica Plain Bennett Brothers, Burlington Alexander Bergstrom, Waltham Robert C. Cameron, Jamaica Plain Donald F. Davis, Billerica Leonard Deane, West Groton Mary De Salvo, Dorchester Milton Elliott, Ashby Thomas E. Flanagan, Jamaica Plain Donald I. Fossey, Wilmington 18 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Mary Griffin, Brighton John Henry, Dedham Rita R. Jalbert, Dodgeville Mary M. Keane, Jamaica Plain Carl Kruse, Roxbury Margaret Lally, Marlboro Ferdinand Lehr, West Roxbury James Mansour, West Roxbury Eugene P. McDonough, Jamaica Plain Thornton A. Proctor, Jamaica Plain Bronislaw Pulnik, Hopkinton William Ryder, West Roxbury Helen V. Sienkiewicz, Boston Charles A. Smith, Dodgeville Samuel P. Snow, Jamaica Plain Romeo Stanziani, West Roxbury Lloyd Stratton, Framingham Vincent Thombs, Sherborn Richard Woodward, Pepperell Garden Certificates Mr. Charles D. Armstrong, for his garden at Centreville Mr. Archibald Blanchard, for his garden at Nahant Mr. and Mrs. Charles A. Proctor, for their garden at Swampscott Cultural Certificates Henry Eaton, for pyramidal Heliotrope Gardner Museum, for Stock "Peach Blossom" Walter Hunnewell, for Kolkwitzia amahilis Frank Sladen, for Miltonia var. vexillaria Vote of Commendation Carnation Farr's Pink Spectrum, exhibited by A. C. Farr Carnation Frances Williams, exhibited by William Sim Leucodendron argenteum, exhibited by Hillcrest Gardens Omithogalwm thyrsoides, exhibited by Penn, The. Florist Peaches, collection of new, exhibited by Massachusetts State College Peony seedling, exhibited by Mrs. Oliver Ames Rhododendron Mrs. Horatio H. Lamb, exhibited by Mrs. Horatio H. Lamb Rhododendron seedlings, exhibited by Mrs. Horatio H. Lamb Award of Merit Aster hybridus luteus, exhibited by William N. Craig Carnation Isabelle, exhibited by William Sim Carnation Jane Sutherland, exhibited by C. B. Johnson MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES AWARDED IN 1931 19 Carnation Julie Claire, exhibited by William Sim Carnation Luminosa, exhibited by William Sim Carnation My Love, exhibited by William Sim Carnation Spectrum Supreme, exhibited by Buxton's Inc. Carnation No. 150-1, exhibited by Littlefield-Wyman Nurseries Carnation E. H. Wilson (F. Dorner & Son), exhibited by S. J. Goddard Chrysanthemum Aladdin, exhibited by Breck's Iris Polar King, exhibited by T. F. Donahue Miltonia Princess Mary Rubra, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster Miltonia Reine Elizabeth, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster Viola Royal Gem, exhibited by Walter Golby Vote of Thanks Boston Mycological Club, for a display of edible and poisonous fungi Boston Mycological Club, for Lentinus lepidus J. F. Cummings, for a plate of asparagus Mrs. Joseph F. Cummings, for Syringa japonica Mrs. Maurice J. Curran, for a specimen Genista William F. Dusseault, for a vase of Rose La Reve and a vase of Rose Coralie Walter Golby, for Statice imbrieata Benjamin Wilder Guppy, for Peony Eewee F. W. Holbrow, for a vase of Bouvardda humboldti Isabelle A. Johnston, for three vases of garden flowers Mrs. Robert E. Keene, for a vase of Hollyhocks Mrs. Robert E. Keene, for a vase of Nasturtiums Mrs. Robert E. Keene, for a display of Phlox Mrs. Robert E. Keene, for a vase of Oriental Poppies Mrs. Robert E. Keene, for American Beauty and Blush Roses Mrs. Robert E. Keene, for a vase of Live Forever Roses Massachusetts State College, East Wareham Station, for blueberries Milton Nurseries, for a seedling Gladiolus Nicol, The Florist, for a group of Cinerarias Allison P. Smith, for an exhibit of Strawflowers Mrs. Moses Taylor, for a plate of asparagus Rev. Dr. L. L. Uhl, for an oyster mushroom First Class Certificates Brassolaeliocattleya "Mrs. P. S. DuPont," exhibited by Edwin S. Webster Cattleya Susan Alba, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster Cypripedium "Doris Stanton," exhibited by Albert C. Burrage Cypripedium "Mrs. Couburn," exhibited by Albert C. Burrage Dove Orchid, Peristeria elata, exhibited by Mrs. Galen L. Stone Seedling Rose No. 27,287, exhibited by Montgomery Rose Co. Dr: Frederick V. Coville of Washington, D. C, awarded the George Robert White Medal of Honor George R. White Medal Award Dr. Frederick V. Coville of the Department of Agriculture in Washington, awarded the George Robert White Medal of Honor, has had a long and busy life. As long ago as 1899 he went to Alaska with the Harriman expedition and identified more than 1,000 plants. Since then he has done much valuable work in many parts of the country, as far removed as Arizona and New Jersey. Probably his most striking accomplishment has been his successful taming of the wild blueberries which have grown for years on the pine barrens in New Jersey. By selection and cross breeding he has greatly improved the size and yield' of these blueberries, and has proved that they can be successfully cultivated in gardens. Dr. Coville found that a minute fungus, invisible except with a compound microscope, attaches itself to the roots of a healthy blueberry plant. This fungus thrives in an acid soil, which is an important point to be remembered. Working along this line Dr. Coville added much to the knowledge necessary for the successful cultivation of Rhododendrons, Mountain Laurel, Trailing Arbutus and various other plants wliich will not thrive in an alkaline soil. While experimenting with the blueberry, Dr. Coville demon- strated the effect of cold in stimulating the growth of plants. He allowed part of a blueberry bush to grow inside of a green- house and part outside. He deduced from this experiment that blueberries must have freezing temperatures, and later found that the same fact applied to cranberries and various other plants. Many of his experiments involving years of research form dramatic chapters in the history of botany, but his work has gone even farther afield, for in the West he developed a method of grazing control in the national forests which has permitted their economic utilization, yielding at the same time as high as $2,000,000 a year to the government for grazing permits. Dr. Coville has written scores of scientific papers dating back to the time 40 years ago when he made his first botanical survey of Death Valley. He is a co-author of "Standardized Plant Names" and acting director of. the national arboretum in Washington, for which the government has cleared 190 acres at Mt. Hamilton. 21 The Dawson Medal Award William Henry Judd, who succeeded Jackson Dawson as propagator at the Arnold Arboretum in 1916, was awarded the Jackson Dawson Memorial Medal by vote of the trustees for 1931. Mr. Judd was born on July 14, 1888, at Preston Brook in the county of Cheshire, England, on an estate of which his father was superintendent. Gardening had been the family profession for several generations. After gaining his education in the public schools of England, Mr. Judd started his training as gardener in 1903 at Steventon Manor, county of Hampshire. During the next seven years he had a varied experience, first being employed on an estate in Surrey where he worked in the vegetable garden and later spending three years at Wigmore Park, Surrey. With this background, Mr. Judd was well qualified to enter Kew Gardens, which he did in 1910. His training there was finished in 1913, and from Kew he came directly to the Arnold Arboretum in Jamaica Plain, Mass., to take the position of assistant to Jackson Dawson, then chief propagator. It was during the following years that Ernest H. Wilson, the late keeper of the Arnold Arboretum, made his collecting trips to Korea and Formosa. Mr. Judd was left to shoulder the responsibility of raising and distributing all of Wilson's collections from these two trips. It was through his skillful work that the Taiwania and Spiraea trichocarpa, the latter a popular shrub in northern gardens today, were first raised and distributed. In hybridization, Mr. Judd has also made valuable contributions to the horticultural world, particularly in his hybrids of the Kurume Azaleas crossed with Rhododen- dron scabrum and B. maxwelli. These hybrids are rapidly becoming better known to florists. Mr. Judd has been active for many years in various horti- cultural organizations. He was president of the Gardeners' and Florists' Club of Boston during 1920 and 1921. At present he holds the positions of secretary of the Association of Kew Gardeners in America, chairman of the plant and flower judges of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, of which organiza- tion he is also a life member, and he holds membership in the Horticultural Club of Boston and the New England Botanical Club. 22 Thomas Roland Medal Award Mr. J. D. Eisele, who was awarded the Thomas Roland Medal in 1931, has long been in the front rank of commercial horti- culturists in America. He was born in Philadelphia, Pa., in 1859 and at the early age of 14 was apprenticed to a Phila- delphia grower of flowering and decorative plants. He served three years and then in 1876 became connected with Henry A. Dreer in the nurseries at Riverton, N. J. Mr. Eisele's connection with the house of Dreer has remained unbroken ever since that date, making a record not easily duplicated. In the course of time he became vice-president of the corporation and manager of the nurseries. When Mr. Dreer died, he became president and has continued in that capacity ever since. Mr. Eisele has been especially interested in the introduction of new plants since the early days of his apprenticeship. This interest has caused him to make annual trips to the horti- cultural centers of Great Britain and the continent for many years. Not a few of the plants now to be found in gardens throughout the country were first introduced as results of Mr. Eisele's knowledge of plant material and his ability to predict the future of new Varieties. He made connections abroad with the growers and collectors of many new and rare subjects, which have gradually been brought into cultivation in this country. Also, a number of important novelties have been grown and developed under his personal supervision. Few men have done more to enrich the gardens of America. In addition, Mr. Eisele has observed the best traditions of his craft, and by wise direction and intelligent leadership has done much to promote the advancement of horticulture in the United States. He was a personal friend of Mr. Roland's, in whose honor this medal was first struck, and the committee could think of no man in this country upon whom this award could be more fittingly bestowed. 23 J. D. ElSELE of Philadelphia, awarded the Thomas Roland Medal William H. Judd awarded the Jackson Dawson Memorial Medal • ■ ■■•■ / ■ ■ lltef* Mrs. Judith Eleanor Motley Low of Brookline, Mass., awarded a Gold Medal Miss Isabella Preston of Ottawa, Canada, awarded a Gold Medal Award to Miss Preston Miss Isabella Preston of the Experimental Farm, Ottawa, Canada, awarded the Society's large gold medal from the William N. Craig fund in 1931, has occupied the position of specialist in ornamental gardening in the horticultural divi- sion at Ottawa for nine years and has done much valuable work in originating new plants. Her breeding of new varieties of Lilies has attracted wide attention. Before going to Ottawa, she had originated the George C. Creelman Lily, and another of her hybrids, raised at Ottawa, has been named Lilium dav- mottiae (L. davidi x L. willmottiae). This Lily has created very favorable comment, and in England has received an award from the Royal Horticultural Society (July 14, 1931). Many other Lily seedlings, as a result of her work, are being tested. Miss Preston has published a book called "Garden Lilies," which has proved popular. The medal was awarded to her specifically for her work with Lilies according to the terms of the Craig fund. A new hybrid species of Lilac has been named Syringa prestoniae for Miss Preston. By crossing the Chinese Lilac (S. villosa) with the Nodding Lilac (S. reflexa), the flower clusters of which have a pendulous habit, she obtained a large number of varieties, some of which have the pendulous habit of 8. reflexa but with much larger panicles of flowers, while others have enormous panicles with the upright habit. Other new plants originated by Miss Preston are many charming varieties of ornamental red-flowered and red-leaved Crab apples and varieties of the Siberian Iris. By crossing an early Russian Columbine with the native Columbine (Aqui^ legia canadensis), early varieties were obtained in a great range of form and color. Miss Preston's work with Roses has resulted in several fine new varieties, and a large number are yet to bloom. 26 Award to Mrs. Low The Massachusetts Horticultural Society, through its medal committee and by vote of the Trustees, awarded the Society's gold medal in 1931 to Mrs. Edward Gilchrist Low (Eleanor Motley) of Brookline, Mass., for her great achievement in founding the Lowthorpe School of Landscape Architecture for Women at Groton, Mass., and in recognition of a long life devoted to the advancement of horticulture. Mrs. Low is a great granddaughter of Benjamin Bussey, once active in the affairs of the Society. The Lowthorpe School of Landscape Architecture for Women was started in 1901. It has had a successful career and in recent years has become widely known because of its high standing and the excellent work done by its graduates. The school now has 34 students and a faculty of ten. During the past year it has received the hearty endorsement of the Garden Glub of America. 27 Dates of the Summer and Autumn Exhibitions in 1932 June 8 and 9. Iris, Rhododendron and Azalea Exhibition with the co-operation of the American Iris Society. Wednesday, 2 to 9 P.M. Thursday, 9 A.M. to 9 P.M. June 15 and 16. Peony, Rose, Sweet Pea and Strawberry Exhibition. Wednesday, 2 to 9 P.M. Thursday, 9 A.M. to 9 P.M. August 18 and 19. Gladiolus Exhibition with the co-operation of the New England Gladiolus Society. Thursday, 2 to 9 P.M. Friday, 9 A.M. to 9 P.M. September 1 and 2. Exhibition of the Products of Children's Gardens. Thursday and Friday, 1 to 6 P.M. September 17 and 18. Dahlia, Fruit and Vege- table Exhibition with the co-operation of the New England Dahlia Society. Saturday, 2 to 9 P.M. Sunday, 12 M. to 9 P.M. November 4-6. Autumn Exhibition. Friday, 3 to 9 P.M. Saturday, 10 A.M. to 9 P.M. Sunday, 12 M. to 9 P.M. 28 Stone Memorial Garden Prize In 1930 Mrs. Robert Stone began offering a prize of $100 in memory of the late Galen L. Stone as an incentive to the making of backyard gardens in the poorer sections of the city in which Mr. Stone took a keen interest. The secretary of the Society was asked to ascertain the best way in which to use this award. He finally decided that it could be used to best advantage in a section of the South End which is occupied by colored people but which is very close. to Horticultural Hall. In years past the back alleys in this section have, been in- conceivably filthy, while the yards bordering upon them have been filled with ashes and rubbish of all sorts, often to a depth of several feet. In one instance, at least, a long alley running between scores of back yards had no opening large enough for a truck or wagon to enter. Tenants said that there had been no regular collection of garbage for two years and the odor was so bad that the windows were kept closed. It was to be expected that the death rate in this section was high ; that from tuberculosis was higher than in any other part of Boston. The Boston Tuberculosis Association had been An alley in a congested section of Boston near Horticultural Hall 30 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY attempting for several years to improve conditions in this section and was receiving the support of the Better Homes Association. An effort had been started to induce the tenants to clean up their yards and make them as attractive as pos- sible. There had been no proper incentive, however, in the way of money prizes until the amount offered by Mrs. Stone be- came available. This money was divided into several prizes and two young women in charge of the work of improving conditions in this One of the alley gardens awarded a prize from the Galen L. Stone Fund neighborhood induced a considerable number of persons to enter a competition for these prizes. A committee which included the secretary of this Society inspected the gardens in the Autumn and selected those which were deemed most worthy of recognition. Later an out-of-door meeting was held, with a band for music, and the presentation of the prizes made. This procedure was repeated last year with a marked increase of interest and a remarkable change in the district visited. The Late Albert C- Burrage The Society suffered a severe loss in June of 1931, when Mr. Albert Cameron Burrage, the president, passed away sud- denly at his Summer home in Manchester. Mr. Burrage had been president since 1921, having held the office for a longer period than any other president in the history of the Society. When he became president, the Society had only about 900 members and when he died it had almost 7,000, the largest number in its history and the largest of any similar organiza- tion in this country. All the activities of the Society were developed to a remarkable degree in his administration. He was president when the Society acquired Horticulture and did much to aid in the expansion of that publication. He gave freely of his time and wealth in the development of the exhibitions of the Society, his own exhibits being of a character which won recognition throughout the world. He was largely responsible for the great Orchid exhibition held in March, 1920. On that occasion his own exhibit occupied an entire floor of one hall and was arranged to reproduce natural conditions. In May, 1921, he put on an exhibition of wild flowers and ferns which has never been equalled in this country. The large hall became a mountain gorge, at one end of which a waterfall tumbled and dashed over its rocky bed into a large shady pool, from which a brook flowed under a rustic bridge and on through the glade. Nearly 83,000 people saw this exhi- bition — a figure never before approached by the Society. In 1921 Mr. Burrage was given the George Robert White Medal of Honor "in recognition of his conspicuous services to horticulture by the establishment in Beverly of the greatest collection of Orchids the new world has yet seen ; for his skill- ful and energetic management of the Society and for his labors to increase the love, protection, and cultivation of New England wild flowers and ferns through his remarkable exhi- bition of these plants." Mr. Burrage had a prominent part in the great Orchid show which was held in 1923 with the Massachusetts Horti- 31 The Late Albert Cameron Burrage THE LATE ALBERT C. BURRAGE 33 cultural Society acting as host to the American Orchid Society. Mr. Burrage filled the large hall with contributions of such supreme merit and educational value that Gurney Wilson of the Koyal Horticultural Society, who acted as one of the judges, returned to England with a report which won that society's gold medal for Mr. Burrage, the first time it had ever been awarded for an American exhibit. Mr. Burrage had an important part in making the Centen- nial Exhibition of the Society in Mechanics Building in 1929 the tremendous success which it proved to be, with an attend- ance of 117,000 persons. The Society's $1,000 gold cup and a centennial gold medal were awarded to Mr. and Mrs. Burrage for the display made by them at this exhibition. During all these years Mr. Burrage had been building up an unrivaled collection of Orchids and had established a special greenhouse range for them in North Beverly under the name of "Orchidvale." He exhibited Orchids at several shows in New York, Washington and elsewhere. For several years he was president of the American Orchid Society and did much to improve the status of that organization. He, of course, had many diversified interests, being con- nected with many business enterprises. Before turning to horticulture as a hobby he built up one of the finest private collections of minerals to be found in America. In his later years, however, the Massachusetts Horticultural Society was very dear to his heart and received a large amount of his time and attention, the results being seen in its greatly increased membership and prosperity. In 1930 he gave the Society the sum of $50,000, the income of $30,000 to be used each year for the purchase of books and pamphlets relating directly or indirectly to horticulture. He provided that the income of the $20,000 remaining should be used exclusively for the purchase of a gold vase to be awarded by the trustees of the Society at a meeting in December of each year to the most outstanding exhibit in any of the shows of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society held during that year. Two other funds bear his name. The Albert Cameron Bur- rage Fund of $1,200 was given in 1920 for the purpose of promoting the cranberry industry in Massachusetts. A fund 34 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY of $1,250 was established in 1929 for the purchase of a gold medal to be awarded for a newly made porch overlooking a garden. Several important alterations in Horticultural Hall were made during Mr. Burrage's administration, some of them being paid for outright by him. These alterations have im- proved both the offices and the exhibition halls. In his will, Mr. Burrage bequeathed his library of about 2,000 books, made up largely of Orchid literature, to the Society. Mr. Burrage was 71 years of age at the time of his death and a special committee, with Mr. William C. Endicott as chairman, was immediately appointed to draw up suitable resolutions expressing the Society's sense of loss and its sym- pathy for the family of its late president. Awards for Gardens The Committee on G-ardens made its awards for 1931 at a meeting on Friday, September 25, those present being Mrs. Thayer, Mrs. Crosby, Mrs. Crowninshield and Mr. Hunne- well. Mrs. Thayer was in the chair. It was voted to award the Society's large gold medal from the Hunnewell fund to Mr. and Mrs. John S. Ames for their estate at North Easton, which is notable for its fine old trees, its beautiful vistas, its splendid sweeping lawns and its mag- nificent planting along the banks of a pond, Azaleas in par- ticular having been used with unusual skill and jn great variety. The largest plantings are of Ghent hybrid Azaleas, made about 40 years ago. Other kinds along the waterfront are Azalea japonica, A. vaseyi and A. calendulacea. A. kaempferi has been used freely in the woods. The Ames' estate consists of about 200 acres, including a pond and a large amount of woodland. In making this award attention was also called to the greenhouses on the estate, and Mr.. Ames' conspicuous success with Kurume Azaleas grown under glass. Mr. Ames was the first to exhibit these Azaleas in the eastern states, they having been sent to him direct from the city of Kurume in Japan by the late Dr. E. H. Wilson in 1917. Mr. Ames has given these Kurumes loving care ever since that time and has repeatedly shown them at exhibitions of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, thereby greatly increasing the interest in these plants throughout the country. The Ames place was originally laid out by Mr. Ames' father in 1859, the landscape architect being Col. Thomas Lee, at that time a prominent man in his profession. It has always been cared for with great skill but many important changes have been made in recent years, among them the removal of a number of statues which were formerly considered highly ornamental. Many of the changes were brought about under the guidance of the late Prof. Charles S. Sargent, who was much interested in the place. The present lovely appearance of the estate is said by Mr. Ames to be due largely to the advice received from Professor Sargent. The other awards were as follows : A silver medal to Mrs. J. R. McGinley at Smith's Point, Manchester. Mrs. McGinley 's garden is situated on a ledge high above the sea. She has taken advantage of the natural features in a most successful way, borders and beds being 35 36 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY made among the rocks in such a way that there is a constant succession of bloom throughout the Summer. The committee was particularly impressed with the perfection of coloring in this garden and with the individual excellence of the flowers, which are largely annuals. A silver medal to Mr. and Mrs. Geoffrey G. "Whitney of Milton for the garden at their Summer home in Woods Hole. There is really a series of gardens on the Whitney place — one of them, a Rose garden, is devoted largely to yellow Roses. In addition, there is a large picking garden where Del- phiniums of unusual excellence are grown in great numbers. The whole place has great charm and contains much interest- ing plant material, some of it not common. Several of the beds, for example, are edged with Teucrium, which gives the effect of very dwarf Box and offers a suggestion which might well be adopted by other garden makers. Mrs. Whitney has a special fondness for herbs which she grows in great numbers, some of them being arranged in a delightful border. A garden certificate to Mr. Charles D. Armstrong at Marston's Mill, North Center ville, which is notable for the great number of very large Box specimens which it contains and for the unusually well grown conifers. For many years Mr. Armstrong made a point of collecting all the varieties of Box which he could find and of developing specimen plants. It is doubtful if any other garden in New England can show as large a collection of specimen Boxwoods. A garden certificate to Mr. Archibald Blanchard of Nahant for a garden which is laid out in excellent taste and where a feature is made of Hoses. This is not a large garden, but is exceedingly well cared for and perfectly adapted to the sea- side situation which it occupies. A garden certificate to Mr. and Mrs. Charles A. Proctor of Swampscott for the original and charming way in which they have used annuals. Their massing of color and their choice of plants makes that part of the garden devoted to annuals unusually attractive. Mrs. Crosby reported on the garden of Frederick Austin of Forest Street, Manchester. Austin is employed as a night watchman for Mr. Philip Dexter and has made his garden in his spare time. The committee instructed the Secretary to write a letter of commendation. ILLUSTRATIONS of GARDENS TO WHICH AWARDS WERE MADE IN 1931 ON RECOMMENDATION OF THE COMMITTEE ON GARDENS US © 8 © CO © 8 53 © CO © 5i cx> <5i Ho So t-SS ■«> © ■to ©i •«o 5a ■to ■to © © ©> •1 (3 •<o to CO 3 5-. *=* O 5 v. e OS ^ -$ 53 -si e so K <5i ^3 v. 5si v. 5^ Looking down at the sea from Mrs. McGinley's rock garden The unique and commodious summer house in Mrs. Mc&inley's garden ilWMI— MB *ll|ll|Sl§lll|ilt 'to to ^3 ^3 to t3 ^» to to r8 ©> to ©i to t3 o 8 to •*> to to a* *2 Garden Clubs in Massachusetts Massachusetts State Federation of Garden Clubs. . President, Mrs. N. Penrose Hallowell, Brush Hill Rd., Milton. Secretary, Mrs. Joseph S. Leach, 238 School St., Walpole. Amherst Woman's Club (Garden Section). Chairman, Mrs. George B. Churchill, 25 Spring St., Amherst. Secretary, Mrs. Henry E. Ryan, Sunderland. Amherst Garden Club. President, Mrs. George B. Olds, Hitchcock Rd., Amherst. Secretary, Mrs. Ray S. Baker, Sunset Ave., Amherst. Andover Garden Club. President, Mrs. James C. Sawyer, Main St., Andover. ' Secretary, Miss Miriam Flanders, Main St., Andover. Attleboro Garden Club. President, Miss Laura M. Moore, Attleboro. Secretary, Dorothy Thayer, 17 Mechanic St., Attleboro. Beacon Hill Garden Club. President, Mrs. Charles L. Norton, 5 Acorn St., Boston. Secretary, Mrs. William B. Snow, 3 Smith Ct., Boston. Belmont Garden Club. President, Mrs. Raynor G. Wellington, 162 Marsh St., Belmont. Secretary, Mrs. Paul Wier, 32 Fletcher Rd., Belmont. Beverly Improvement Society. President, Mrs. H. W. Woodberry, Jr., 33 Lothrop St., Beverly. Secretary, Miss Bessie A. Baker, Monument Sq., Beverly. Billerica Garden Club. President, Mrs Samuel McQuaid, Billerica. Secretary, Mrs. A. Warren Stearns, Billerica. Boston, Little Garden Club of Greater. President, Mrs. Norris P. Colby, 58 Spring St., Maiden. Secretary, Mrs. James R. Barrie, 78 Rowe St., Melrose. Bridgewater Garden Club. President, Mrs. Samuel B. Cholerton, Central Square, Bridgewater. Secretary, Mrs. Robert L. Carroll, 21 Main St., Bridgewater. Brockton Garden Club. President, Mrs. Stephen P. Alden, 278 Spring St., Brockton. Secretary, Mrs. R. Warner Brush, 58 Woodside Ave., Campello. Broonline, Garden Club of. President, Mrs. Norman B. Smith, 145 Lee St., Brookline. Secretary, Mrs. Joseph H. Pratt, 94 Upland Rd., Brookline. Buzzards Bay Garden Club. President, Mrs. Miner Wilcox, New Bedford. ' Secretary, Miss Elsie West, 96 Madison St., New Bedford. Cambridge Plant Club. President, Mrs. L. E. Emerson, 64 Sparks St., Cambridge. Secretary, Miss Caroline E. Peabody, 40 Appleton St., Cambridge. 48 GARDEN CLUBS IN MASSACHUSETTS 49 Canton Garden Club. President, Miss Amie M. Sumner, 175 Chapman St., Canton. Secretary, Miss Ellen Kelley, 83 Bolivar St., Canton. Cape Ann Garden Club. President, Mrs. Charles L. Norton, 5 Acorn St., Boston. (Summer) 146 Leonard St., Annisquam. Secretary, Mrs. Harry Walker, 160 Riverway, Boston. (Summer) Eastern Point, Gloucester. Chatham Garden Club. President, Mrs. H. C. Holcomb, 198 Dean Rd., Brookline. Secretary, Mrs. W. W. Fitzhugh, 68 Cambridge St., Brooklyn, N. Y. Chelmsford Garden Club. President, Mrs. Harold B. Stewart, Chelmsford. Secretary, Mrs. G. A. Davis, High St., Chelmsford. Chestnut Hill Garden Club. President, Mr. John P. Ramsey, 85 Gatehouse Rd., Chestnut Hill. Secretary, Mrs. Kenneth L. Hayes, 44 Sylvan Ave., West Newton. Cohasset Garden Club. President, Mrs. William DeFord Bigelow, 308 Marlborough St., Boston. Secretary, Miss Mary C. Sears, 250 Beacon St., Boston. Concord Garden Club. President, Mrs. George P. Metcalf, Concord. Secretary, Miss Elizabeth L. Everett, Concord. Danvers Garden Club. President, Mrs. Ethel Prince, 5 Hunt St., Danvers. Secretary, Mrs. May P. Goldsmith, 28 Walter St., Salem. Deerfield Garden Club. President, Mr. Charles Huntington Smith, Deerfield. Secretary, Mrs. Henry C. Wells, Deerfield. Duxbury, Community Garden Club of. President, Dr. Nathaniel W. Emerson, Duxbury. Secretary, Miss Susan P. Moulton, Duxbury. Duxbury Garden Club. President, Mrs. Charles W. Sabine, 360 Hammond St., Chestnut Hill. (Summer) Duxbury. Secretary, Mrs. William Hill Young, 24 Pleasant St., Brookline. (Summer) Duxbury. Falmouth Garden Club. President, Mrs. Howard Swift, Falmouth. Secretary, Mrs. Alvan J. Jones, Box 377, Falmouth. Fitchburg Garden Club. President, Miss Mary F. Colburn, 38 Osgood St., Fitchburg. Secretary, Mrs. George L. Rice, 86 Lawrence St., Fitchburg. 50 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Garden Lovers' Club. President, Mrs. A. B. Wing, 48 Kidder Ave., West Somerville. Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. G. W. Ladd, 43 Brunswick Road, Arlington. Recording Secretary, Mrs. Nellie S. Kenny, 267 Alewife Brook Parkway, West Somerville. Germantown Garden Club, Quincy (Mass.) President, Mrs. Martha M. Bartlett, 49 Bicknell St., Quincy. Secretary, Mrs. John S. Rogers, 8 Gannett Rd., Quincy. Gloucester Garden Club. President, Mrs. Edward D. Allen, 8 Clarendon St., East Gloucester. Secretary, Mrs. Charles H. Bergengren, 23 School St., Gloucester. Great Barrington Garden Club. President, Mrs. S. S. Maclaren, South Egremont. Secretary, Mrs. Katherine Burgess, Great Barrington. Greenfield Garden Club. President, Mrs. E. B. Smith, 120 High St., Greenfield. Groton Garden Club. President, Mrs. Winthrop L. Sheedy, Powder House Rd., Groton. Secretary, Mrs. R. S. Beasley, Groton. Harvard Garden Club. President, Mrs. J. Edward Maynard, Ayer Rd., Harvard. Secretary, Miss E. E. Hersey, Still River Rd., Harvard. High Street Hill Garden Club. President, Mrs. Carleton S. Francis, 76 High St., Brookline. Secretary, Mrs. Cyril Bigelow, 17 Edge Hill Rd., Brookline. Hingham Garden Club. President, Mrs. Arthur K. Paddock, Hingham. Secretary, Mrs. Henry V. Bisbee, Hingham. Hyannis Garden Club. President, Mrs. J. N. Smith, Ocean St., Hyannis. Secretary, Mrs. F. G. Thacher, 32 Pearl St., Hyannis. Ipswich Garden Club. President, Mrs. Albert C. Burrage, Jr., 29 Hereford St., Boston. Secretary, Mrs. Richard Sears, 229 Beacon St., Boston. Junior League Garden Club. President, Mrs. Chilton R. Cabot, 46 Mt. Vernon St., Boston. Secretary, Mrs. Quincy A. Shaw, Jr., 39 Sears Rd., Brookline. Lawrence Garden Club. President, Mrs. Bernard M. Sheridan, 171 East Haverhill St., Lawrence. Secretary, Mrs. Edwin A. Buthmann, 172 East Haverhill Street, Lawrence. Lenox Garden Club. President, Miss Georgiana W. Sargent, Lenox. Secretary, Miss M. Parsons, Lenox. GARDEN CLUBS IN MASSACHUSETTS 51 Lexington Outlook Club (Garden Section). Chairman, Mrs. Paul Whipple, 15 Belfry Terrace, Lexington. Lincoln ^Garden Club. President, Mrs. Sumner Smith, Lincoln. Secretary, Mrs. Edward W. Herman, Silver Hill Rd., Lincoln. Littleton Garden Club. President, Dr. John W. Estabrooks, 419 Boylston St., Boston. Secretary, Mrs. E. P. Sargent, Littleton. Lowell Garden Club. President, Miss Edna Cutter, 694 Mammoth Rd., Dracut. Secretary, Mrs. F. W. Coburn, 722 East Merrimac St., Lowell. Lynn, Garden Club of Greater. President, Mrs. E. L. Nason, 125 Bellevue Rd., Lynn. Secretary, Mrs. Eldon G. Stanwood, 201 Fay Ave., Lynn. Marblehead Garden Club. President, Mrs. William J. Goldthwait, 114 Elm St., Marblehead. Secretary, Mrs. F. B. C. Bradlee, 110 Elm St., Marblehead. Martha's Vineyard Garden Club. President, Mrs. T. M. R. Meikleham, Edgartown. Secretary, Miss Elizabeth Gaston, Vineyard Haven. Melrose Garden Club. President, Mrs. Byron G. Morgan, 98 Lynn Fells Parkway, Melrose. Secretary, Mrs. Louise Raymond, 94 Cedar Park, Melrose. Milton Garden Club. President, Mrs. Carlton R. Richmond, 273 Adams St., Milton. Secretary, Mrs. John Balch, 162 Adams St., Milton. Nahant Garden Club. President, Mrs. Fred A. Wilson, Nahant. Secretary, Mr. Harry R. Cummings, Nahant. New Bedford, Garden Club of Greater. President, Mrs. Henry P. Burt, 355 Union St., New Bedford. Secretary, Mrs. George H. Sistare, 474 Park St., New Bedford. Newburyport Garden Club. President, Mrs. Albert Hale, 5 Parker St., Newburyport. Secretary, Mrs. Charles C. Porter, 207 High St., Newburyport. Needham Garden Club. President, Mrs. Howard E. Stomm, 68 Bradford St., Needham. Secretary, Mrs. Arthur R. Haire, 91 May St., Needham. Newton Garden Club. President, Mrs. Fred H. Loveland, 20 Rutheven Rd., Newton. Secretary, Mrs. Clarence E. Allen. Newton Centre Garden Club. President, Mrs. Walter H. Dietz, 46 Bishopsgate Rd., Newton Centre. Secretary, Mrs. Gustav R. Breitzke, 4 Warren Ter., Newton Centre. 52 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Newton Highlands Garden Club. President, Mrs. B. Walter Godsoe, 1066 Walnut Street, Newton Highlands. Secretary, Mrs. Harris P. Gray, 1590 Centre St., Newton Highlands. Newtonville Garden Club. President, Mrs. Alfred M. Ziegler, 580 Walnut St., Newtonville. Secretary, Mrs. Arthur W. Church, 59 Judkins St., Newtonville. Noanett Garden Club. President, Mrs. Louis A. Frothingham, North Easton. Secretary, Mrs. Henry G. Brooks, Centre St., Milton. North Andover Garden Club. President, Mrs, John G. Coolidge, 171 Commonwealth Ave., Boston. Secretary, Miss Kate H. Stevens, 73 Academy Rd., North Andover. North Attleboro Garden Club. President, Mr. John J. Bliek, 1077 Mt. Hope St., North Attleboro Secretary, Mr. Fred C. Paye, Box 769, North Attleboro. North Shore Garden Clufo. President, Mrs. Roger S. Warner, 54 Chestnut St., Boston. Secretary, Mrs. William Jason Mixter, 180 Clyde St., Chestnut Hill. Peabody Garden Club. President, Mrs. Harold W. Legro, 255 Lynn St., Peabody. Secretary, Mrs. Perley Kelley, 8 Home St., Peabody. Plymouth Garden Club. President, Mrs. Alton Edes, Warren Ave., Plymouth. Secretary, Miss Christina Watson, Plymouth. Richmond and Northern Berkshire Garden Club. President, Mrs. W. Rockwood Gibbs, Richmond. Secretary, Mrs. Ray C. Williams, West Stockbridge. Rockport Garden Club. President, Mrs. John M. Wetherell, Rockport. Secretary, Mrs. George Mills, 7 Gott St., Rockport. Salem Garden Club. President, Mr. Willard B. Porter, 5 Lee St., Salem. Secretary, Mrs. Arthur E. Fiske, 6 Holly St., Salem. Scituate Garden Club. President, Mrs. John Loring Rothery, Scituate. Secretary, Mrs. Gentry Clark, Norwell. Springfield Garden Club. President, Rev. George W. Ferguson, 398 Maple St., Springfield. Secretary, Mrs. Gurdon W. Gordon, 90 Dartmouth St., Springfield. Stoneham Garden Club. President, Mrs. C. C. Rayner, 111 Spring St., Stoneham. Secretary, Mrs. A. A. Durkee, 1 Cedar Ave., Stoneham. GARDEN CLUBS IN MASSACHUSETTS 53 Sudbury Garden Club. President, Mrs. James Powers, Sudbury. Secretary, Miss Gladys I. Page, South Sudbury. Swampscott Garden Club. President, Mrs. Harold G. Cutler, 334 Beacon St., Boston. Secretary, Mrs. Norman S. Dillingham, 15 Enlow St., Beach Bluff. Swampscott Little Garden Club. President, Mrs. C. H. Haddrell, 25 Brookhouse Drive, Marblehead. Secretary, Mrs. H. K. Gardiner, 26 Brookhouse Drive, Marblehead. Swansea, County Garden Club of. President, Mrs. Frank T. Albro, 130 Underwood St., Fall River. Secretary, Mrs. Richard G. H. Knight, 932 Robeson St., Fall River. Topsfield Garden Club. President, Miss Katharine Wellman, The Bellevue, Boston. Secretary, Mrs. Henry Northey, 20 Chestnut St., Salem. (Summer) Topsfield. Wakefield Garden Club. President, Mrs. Charles E. Randall, 29 Parker Rd., Wakefield. Secretary, Mrs. Allen Towle, 117 High St., Wakefield. Walpole Woman's Club (Garden Department). Chairman, Mrs. Joseph S. Leach, 238 School St., Walpole. Secretary, Mrs. William V. Price, East St., Walpole. Wayland Garden Club. President, Mrs. William Cushing Loring, Wayland. Secretary, Miss Margaret E. Wheeler, Wayland. Wellesley Garden Club. President, Mrs. Arthur Harvey, Livermore Rd., Wellesley. Secretary, Mrs. John D'Este, Berkshire Rd., Wellesley. Westboro Garden Club. President, Mrs. Waldo Cushing, Westboro. Secretary, Miss Helen Forbes, Westboro. Weymouth Garden Club. President, Mrs. John T. Mclsaac, 105 Cedar St., East Weymouth. Secretary, Mrs. Frank T. Day, 45 Canacum Rd., North Weymouth. Winchendon Garden Club. President, Mrs. Walter Boyce, Winchendon. Secretary, Mrs. George Gregory, Spruce St., Winchendon. Winchester Garden Club. President, Mrs. Wayne E. Davis, 9 Marshall Rd., Winchester. Secretary, Mrs. Addison F. Holmes, 37 Fletcher St., Winchester. Wollaston Garden Club. President, Mrs. Horace W. Richmond, 19 Prospect Ave., Wollaston. Secretary, Mrs. Edgar Shaw, 51 Royal St., Wollaston. Worcester Garden Club. President, Mrs. John W. Higgins, 80 William St., Worcester. Secretary, Mrs. Charles Burgess, Grafton. Periodicals Received, 1931 Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales. Agricultural Index. Adelaide, South Australia. Botanic Garden. Report. Alpine Garden Society. Bulletin. *American Bee Journal. American Botanist. American Carnation Society. Proceedings. American Dahlia Society. Bulletin. American Fern Journal. American Florist. American Forests. American Fruit Grower Magazine. American Home. American Iris Society. Bulletin. American Landscape Architect. American Nut Journal. American Peony Society. Bulletin. American Rose Annual. American Rose Quarterly. American Society for Horticultural Science. Proceedings. American Society of Landscape Architects. Transactions, 1899-1926. Les Amis des Roses. Annals of Botany. Arnold Arboretum. Bulletin of Popular Information. Arnold Arboretum. Journal. *Beautiful Florida. Better Fruit. *Better Homes and Gardens. Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research. Contributions. Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research. Professional Papers. Breeze Hill News. British Gladiolus Society. Gladiolus Annual. Brooklyn Botanic Garden. Leaflets. Brooklyn Botanic Garden. Record. Bryologist. Cactus and Succulent Society of America. Journal. *Calavo News. California Avocado Association. Yearbook. California Department of Agriculture. Bulletin. California Garden. California Rosarian. California University. Publications in Botany. Canadian Entomologist. 'Library keeps only the current year on file. 54 PERIODICALS RECEIVED, 1931 55 Canadian Florist. Canadian Gladiolus Society. Bulletin. Canadian Horticulturist. Le Chrysantheme. City Gardens Club (New York). Bulletin. Connecticut State Park and Forest Commission. Report. * Cornell Countryman. * Country Life. New York. Curtis's Botanical Magazine. Dahlia Societj^ of San Francisco. California Dahlia News. Dahlia Society of Southern California. California Dahlia Qrower. Desert. Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society. Journal. Experiment Station Record. Federated Garden Clubs of Connecticut. Yearbook. Federated Garden Clubs of New York State. Yearbook. Federated Garden Clubs of South Carolina. Yearbook. Federation of the Garden Club of Illinois. Yearbook. *Fertilizer Review. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago. Publications, botanical series. Flora Batava. Florida Federation of Garden Clubs. Yearbook. Florida State Horticultural Society. Proceedings. Florists' Exchange. Florists' Review. Flower Grower. Flowering Plants of South Africa. Forest Leaves. *Four Seasons. Fruit World of Australasia. Garden Club Exchange. Garden Club Federation of Massachusetts. Yearbook. Garden Club of America. Almanac. Garden Club of America. Bulletin. Garden Club of Ohio. Garden Greetings. Garden Digest. Garden Glories. Garden Gossip. Garden Life. Garden Lover. Garden Path. Gardeners' Chronicle. Gardeners' Chronicle of America. Library keeps only the current year on file. 56 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Gardening Illustrated. *Gardens, Houses & People. Gartenflora. Gartenkunst. Gartenschonheit. Gartenwelt. Geisenheimer Mitteilungen iiber Obst- und Gartenbau. Giardino Fiorito. Gladiolus Review. Gladland News. Gray Herbarium. Contributions. Great Britain. Ministry of Agriculture. Journal. * Guide to Nature. Hardy and Half-hardy Plants. Hillcrest Gardens. Home Acres. Hoosier Horticulture. *Horizons. L'Horticulteur Chalonnaise. Horticultural Society of New York. Yearbook. Horticultural Trade Directory, 1932. Horticulture. L/Hortieulture Frangaise. House and Garden. *House Beautiful. Illinois Gladiolus Society. Yearbook. Indiana Academy of Science. Proceedings. International Review of Agriculture. Ireland. Department of Lands and Agriculture. Journal. Japanese Horticultural Society. Journal. Jardinage. Journal of Agricultural Research. Journal of Botany, British and Foreign. Journal of Economic Entomology. Journal of Forestry. Journal of Pomology and Horticultural Science. Kansas State Horticultural Society. Biennial Report. Kew. Royal Gardens. Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information. Landscape Architecture. Lexington Leaflets. Linnean Society. Journal. Lyon-Horticole et Horticulture Nouvelle Reunis. Market Growers Journal. Massachusetts Fruit Growers' Association. Annual Report. * Library keeps only the current year on file. PERIODICALS RECEIVED, 1931 57 Massachusetts Horticultural Society. Yearbook. Massachusetts Tree Wardens' and Foresters' Association. Proceed- ings. Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters. Papers. *Michigan Agriculturist. Michigan State Horticultural Society. Annual Report. Minnesota State Horticultural Society. Trees, Fruits and Flowers of Minnesota. (Includes Minnesota Horticulturist). Missouri Botanical Garden. Annals. Missouri Botanical Garden. Bulletin. Mollers Deusche Gartner-zeitung. Montreal. Universite. Laboratoire de Botanique. Contributions. More Beautiful Ohio. Morton Arboretum. Bulletin of Popular Information. Mycologia. National Auricula and Primula Society (England). Annual Report. National Carnation and Picotee Society (England). Annual Report and Yearbook. National Council of State Garden Club Federations. Bulletin. National Horticultural Magazine. National Nurseryman. National Pecan Exchange News. *National Plant, Flower and Fruit Guild Magazine. *Natur und Museum. *Nature — Garden Guide. *Nature Magazine. New England Gladiolus Society. Yearbook. *New England Homestead. New Flora and Silva. New Jersey Gardens. New York Botanical Garden. Bulletin. New York Botanical Garden. Journal. Le Nord Horticole. Ontario. Entomological Society. Annual Report. Onze Tuinen. Orchid Review. Oregon Federation of Garden Clubs. Yearbook. *Parks and Recreation. Pennsylvania Horticultural Society. Yearbook. Le Petit Jardin. *Philippine Journal of Agriculture. La Pomologie Franchise. * Popular Gardening. *Progressive Farmer and Southern Ruralist. * Library keej?s only the current year on file. 58 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Quarterly Journal of Forestry. Reale Soeieta Toscana di Orticultura. Bulletino. *Revista Agricola. *Revista del Litoral. Revue des Eaux et Forets. Revue Horticole. Rhodora. *Rio de Janeiro. Museu Nacional. Boletim. Royal Caledonian Horticultural Society. Transactions. Royal Horticultural Society. Journal. Rural New Yorker. Scottish Forestry Journal. Seed World. Smithsonian Institution. Annual Report. * Societe d'Horti culture de la Haute-Garonne. Annales. * Societe d'Horti culture d'Orleans et du Loiret. Bulletin. * Societe d'Horticulture et de Viticulture d'Epernay. Bulletin. Societe Franchise du Dahlia. Journal. Societe Nationale d'Horticulture de France. Bulletin. Societe Royale de Botanique de Belgique. Bulletin. Societe Royale d'Horticulture et d' Agriculture d'Anvers. Bulletin. South African Gardening and Country Life. Southern Florist and Nurseryman. * Technique Agricole Internationale. Tennessee State Horticultural Society. Proceedings of the Annual Convention. Torrey Botanical Club. Bulletin. Torreya. Tribune Horticole. U. S. Department of Agriculture. Yearbook. U. S. National Herbarium. Contributions. *Victoria, Australia. Department of Agriculture. Journal. *Waltham, Mass. Field Station. Field Station Journal. West Virginia Dahlia Society. Bulletin. Western Homes and Gardens. Wild Flower. Wisconsin Horticulture. Woman's League for the Protection of Riverside Park. Yearbook. Your Garden and Home. Zeitschrift fur Obst-, Wein- und Gartenbau. Zeitschrift fur Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz. Library keeps only the current year on file. Gifts to the Library The Massachusetts Horticultural Society acknowledges with thanks gifts to the Library from the following donors in 1931 : Boston Society of Natural History. Milestones, 1830-1930, by the Society. 1930. Barrage, Albert* Cameron. Catalogue of the library of Albert C. Burrage, Esq. : orchids, horticulture, botany, travel, herbals and early printed books on gardening, by A. C. Burrage. 1930. The Orchidvale collection ; a list of the orchid plants in the collec- tion of Mr. Albert C. Burrage at Orchidvale, Beverly Farms, Massachusetts, by A. C. Burrage. 1930. Farrington, Edward Irving. Descriptive gladiolus nomenclature, pub. by the American Gladi- olus Society, comp. by A. M. S. Pridham. 1931. Ernest H. Wilson, plant hunter : with a list of his most important introductions and where to get them, by E. I. Farrington. 1931. The garden-club handbook, by F. Huttenlocher. 1931. Goddard; Samuel. Introduction to the study of botany, including a treatise on vege- table physiology, and descriptions of plants in the middle and northern states ; ed. 4, by J. L. Comstock. 1837. Jealous, F. H. The French gardiner: instructing how to cultivate all sorts of fruit-trees and herbs for the garden, [by 1ST. de Bonnefons] tr. into English by Philocepos. 1653. Orpet, E. O. American carnation culture; ed. 3, by L. L. Lamborn. 1892. Robins, Mrs. Raymond. The travels of William Bartram [through Carolina, Georgia and Florida, 1773-1778, by W. Bartram] 1928. (An American bookshelf, ed. by Mark Van Doren) Scheepers, John. Beauty from bulbs, by John Scheepers, Inc. 1931. Sheets, Earl W. New, rare and good old irises, by E. W. Sheets. 1931. 59 Library Accessions New books added to the Library in the year 1931 include the following : Aase, H. C. Cytology of hybrids. 1930. Allwood, M. C. Carnations for everyman. 1931. American gladiolus society. Descriptive gladiolus nomenclature; comp. by A. M. S. Pridham. 1931. American rose society. What every rose-grower should know. 1931. American society of landscape architects. Illustrations of work of members. 1931. Aust, F. A. The rock garden, its construction and care, by F. A. Aust and H. Hankinson. 1931. Bade, E. Praxis im zimmergarten. 1929. Bailey, H. The pelargonium. 1880. Bailey, L. H. Hortus ; comp. by L. H. Bailey and E. Z. Bailey. 1930. Bailey, L. H. Principles of vegetable gardening; 15th ed. 1916. Bailey, L. H. Pruning-manual ; ed. 18, rev. 1916. Barnes, P. T. House plants and how to grow them. cl909. Barrett, 0. W. The tropical crops: a popular treatment of the prac- tice of agriculture in tropical regions, with discussion of cropping systems and methods of growing the leading products. 1928. [Bartram, W.] The travels of William Bartram [through Carolina, Georgia and Florida, 1773-1778] 1928. (An American bookshelf, ed. by Mark Van Doren) Bechtold, R. & co., pub. Unsere besten deutschen obstsorten. 1922-29. 3v. Blakeslee, A. F. Trees in winter, their study and identification, by A. F. Blakeslee and C. D. Jarvis; abr. ed. 1931. Bois, D. Atlas des plantes de jardins et d'appartements exotiques et europeenes. 1896. 3 v. [Bonnefons, N. de] The French gardiner: instructing how to culti- vate all sorts of fruit-trees and herbs for the garden; tr. into English by Philocepos. 1653. Boston society of natural history. Boston society of natural history, 1830-1930. 1930. Briggs, Gr. R. Gardening in the south. 1931. Bruxelles. Congres de botanique et d' horticulture, 1880. Compte rendu. 1881. Buck, Mrs. W. H. [and others] comp. Some gardens and mansions of Maryland : a descriptive guide book. 1930. Buller, A. H. R. Researches on fungi, v. 4, Coprini and Hymenomy- cetes. 1931. Burrage, A. C. Catalogue of the library of Albert C. Burrage, Esq., orchids, horticulture, botany, travel, herbals and early printed books on gardening. 1930. 60 LIBRARY ACCESSIONS 61 Burrage, A. C. The Orchidvale collection : a list of the orchid plants in the collection of Mr. Albert C. Burrage at Orchidvale, Beverly Farms, Massachusetts. 1930. Burroughs, J. Accepting the universe. cl920. Burroughs, J. Field and study. cl919. Burroughs, J. The last harvest. cl922. Burroughs, J. Under the maples. cl921. Butcher, R. W. Further illustrations of British plants. 1930. Candolle, A. P. de. Regni vegetabilis systema naturale. 1818-21. 2v. Capek, K. The gardener's year, with drawings by J. Capek. 1931. Caus, S. de. Les raisons des forces movvantes, avec diuerses machines tant utiles que plaisantes, aus-quelles sont adjoints plussieurs desseins de Grotes et Fontaines. 1624. Chappell, G. S. The gardener's friend and other pests, by G. S. Chappell and R. Hunt. 1931. Chasset, L. Essai de determination des fruits (poires) . 1928. Clarici, P. B. Istoria e coltura delle piante che sono pe'l fiore piu ragguardevoli per ornare un giardino. 1726. . Clusius, C. Rariorum aliquot stirpium per Hispanias obseruatarum historia. 1576. Clute, W. N. The common names of plants and their meanings. 1931. Gobbett, W. II giardiniere americano, recato in italiano da Luca Regini di Cefalonia. 1826. Commissioners of agriculture of the six New England states. Ter- centenary of New England agriculture. 1930. Comstock, J. L. Introduction to the study of botany, including a treatise on vegetable physiology, and descriptions of plants in the middle and northern states ; ed. 4. 1837. Coon, N. Nursery sales and management, a discussion of first prin- ciples governing the successful establishment of a nursery. 1931. Correvon, H. Les joubarbes (Semperviva). 1924. Coventry, B. 0. Wild flowers of Kashmir, ser. 3. 1930. Coville, F. V. Wokas, a primitive food of the Klamath Indians. 1902. Cox, E. H. M., ed. The gardener's chapbook. 1931. Cox, E. H. M. Plant introductions of Reginald Farrer. 1930. Dakers, J. S. Simple greenhouse management. 1930? Dallimore, W. Handbook of Coniferae, including Ginkgoaceae, by W. Dallimore and A. B. Jackson. 1923. Dictionary of American biography, v. 6-7. 1931. Diguet, L. Les Cactacees utiles du Mexique. 1928. Dobyns, W. S. California gardens. 1931. Edwards, B. L., comp. Study to be quiet, an English nature anthology. 1928. Fairbanks, H. W. Conservation reader. 1925. 62 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Farringtoiij E. I. Ernest H. Wilson, plant hunter, with a list of his most important introductions and where to get them. 1931. Fawcett, W. Flora of Jamaica, by W. Fawcett and A. B. Rendle, v. 5. 1926. Fischer, H. Mittelalterliche pflanzenkunde. 1929. Fisher, E. R. Garden club manual. 1931. Fitch, W. H. Illustrations of the British flora. 1924. France. Soeiete nationale d'horticulture. Congres horticole de 1890- 94. 1890-94. Fries, T. M. Linnaeus, the story of his life, adapted from the Swedish by B. D. Jackson. 1923. Fulton, J. A. Peach culture. cl889. Garden Club of America. Gardens of colony and state: gardens and gardeners of the American colonies and of the republic before 1840; comp. and ed. by A. G. Lockwood, v. 1. 1931. [Garden Club of Virginia] Homes and gardens in old Virginia; ed. by S. W. Massie and F. A. Christian ; 4th ed. 1931. Gerarde, J. The herball, or, Generall historie of plantes. 1597. Gerarde, J. The herball, or, General historie of plants, enlarged and amended by Thomas Johnson. 1633. Gibault, G. Histoire des legumes. 1912. Grieve, Mrs. M. A modern herbal : the medicinal, culinary, cosmetic and economic properties, cultivation and folk-lore of herbs, grasses, fungi, shrubs and trees with all their modern scientific uses, with an introd. by the editor, Mrs. C. F. Leyel. 1931. 2 v. Haffner, J- J. Compositions de jardins: texte en frangais, notice en anglais, description des pro jets. 1931. Harwood, W. S. New creations in plant life; 2d ed., rev. and enl. 1918. Hegi, G. Alpine flowers: the most common alpine plants of Switzer- land, Austria and Bavaria; tr. by W. M. Deans. 1930. Herrington, A. The chrysanthemum, its culture for professional growers and amateurs. 1929. Higgins, E. B. Our native cacti. 1931. Hine, F., comp. A chaplet of herbs gathered from rare and early herbals. Hoffman, R. Cacti and other succulents, by R. Hoffman and E. 0. Orpet. 1930. Hoppe, D. H. Ectypa Plantarum Ratisbonensium ; oder Abdriicke derjenigen Pflanzen welche um Regensburg wild wachsen. 1787- 93. 3 v. Hortus sanitatis deutsch, Mainz, Peter Schoeffer, 1485: faksimile- ausgabe. 1924. Howard, E. L. Chinese garden architecture: a collection of photo- graphs of minor Chinese buildings. 1931. LIBRARY ACCESSIONS 63 Howard, L. 0. History of applied entomology (somewhat anecdotal) . 1930. Hume, H. H. Azaleas and camellias. 1931. Huttenlocher, F. The garden-club handbook. 1931. Imperial horticultural conference. 1st. London, 1930. Proceedings. 1930-31. pts. 2-3. International address book of botanists. 1931. International horticultural congress. 9th. London, 1930. Report and proceedings. 1931. Jacobsen, J. C. Description des serres du Jardin botanique de l'Universite de Copenhague, by J. C. Jacobsen and T. Rothe. 1879. Jay, M. R. The garden handbook. 1931. Jekyll, G. Colour schemes for the flower garden ; ed. 4. 1925. . Same; ed. 7. Jellett, E. C. Germantown gardens and gardeners. 1914. Johnson, A. M. Taxonomy of the flowering plants. 1931. Jones, H. A. The vegetable industry, by H. A. Jones and S. L. Emsweller. 1931. Koster, P. M. Roster's color guide, one hundred distinct colors as they occur in flowers, fruits and foliage. 1931. Lamborn, L. L. American carnation culture ; ed. 3. 1892. Laurie, A. The modern nursery, a guide to plant propagation, culture and handling, by A. Laurie and L. C. Chadwick. 1931. Lawson, P. & Son. The agriculturist's manual; being a familiar de- scription of the agricultural plants cultivated in Europe, including those suited to the climate of Great Britain. 1836. Le Graverend, E. Le pois de senteur. 1930. Levier, E. Les tulipes de l'Europe. 1884. Lille, Abbe de. The garden; or, The art of laying out grounds [a poem] tr. fr. the French. 1789. Lincoln, E. H. Orchids of the north eastern United States photo- graphed from nature. 1931. 2 v. Linnaeus, C. Species plantarum. 1753. 2 v. in 1. Lurcat, A. Terrasses et jardins. 1928. Lyon, T. L. The nature and properties of soils; rev. ed., by T. L. Lyon and H. O. Buckman. 1929. McCully, Mrs. A. W. American alpines in the garden. 1931. McDougall, D. Two royal domains of France : the Tuileries and Ver- sailles in garden history, art, and anecdote. 1931. McDougall, W. B. Plant ecology ; ed. 2 rev. 1931. Macmillan, H. The poetry of plants. 1902. Macself , A. J. Chrysanthemums for amateurs. 1929 ? Maerz, A. A dictionary of color, by A. Maerz and M. R. Paul. 1931. Maeterlinck, M. Intelligence of the flowers; tr. by A. T. de Mattos. 1907. Manning, J. W., comp. Plant buyers' index ; ed. 3. 1931. 64 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Mantegazza, P. Legends of flowers; tr. from the Italian by Mrs. A. Kennedy. 1931. Marshall, D. M'L. Weed control. 1930. Maund, B. Botanic garden: Fruitist: Floral register: Auctarium. [1825-51] 9v. Miscellen f iir gartenfreunde, botaniker und gartner. 1802. 5 v. Moore, S. E. Catalogue of fruit and ornamental trees cultivated and for sale at the Eagle Nursery, Cranston, R. I. 1842. Morris, R. T. Nut growing; new ed. rev. 1931. Neubert, W. Schliissel zur bildenden gartenkunst. 1858. Nixon, E. L. The principles of potato production. 1931. O'Kane, W. C. Injurious insects, how to recognize and control them. 1912. Olver, E. W. Landscaping the small home. 1931. Ortloff, H. S. Perennial gardens. 1931. Peacock, L. The dahlia. 1931. Pellett, F. C. Flowers of the wild, their culture and requirements. 1931. Pershing, H. A. The story of Johnny Appleseed and his time. 1930. Pinneo, J. Catalogue of fruits trees cultivated and for sale, Hanover, N. H. 1848. Priego y Jaramillo, J. M. Jardineria general y espanola. 1925. Ramsey, L. W. Garden pools, large and small, by L. W. Ramsey and C.H.Lawrence. 1930. Ramsey, L. W. The outdoor living room, by L. W. Ramsey and C. H. Lawrence. 1932. Rauch, F. A. Regeneration de la nature vegetale. 1818. 2 v. Riabov, I. N. The problems of pollination and fertilization of fruit trees, survey of literature with English summary. 1930. (Text in Russian. ) Riat, G. L'art des jardins. 1900. Rio de Janeiro. Museu nacional. Commemora§ao do II centenario do cafeeiro no Brazil. 1927. Riviere, A. Traite d' arboriculture fruitiere augm. et pub. par Gustave Riviere. 1928. Rivoire pere et fils. Le jardin potager moderne; ed. 4. 1928. Rockwell, F. F. Irises. 1928. Rohde, E. S. The scented garden. 1931. Royal horticultural society. Classified list of daffodil names. 1931; Rush, M. W. The ignoramus garden book. 1931. Salomon, C. Botanisches und gartnerisches worterbuch fur gartner und gartenfreunde. 1929. Sanders, T. W. Garden foes. 1929? Sawyer, R. V. Water gardens and goldfish, by R. V. Sawyer and E.H.Perkins. 1928. LIBRARY ACCESSIONS 65 SheafEer, F. E. Some insect pests and plant diseases of Indiana. 1930. Scheepers, J., Inc. Beauty from bulbs. 1931. Scheepers, J., Inc., pub. The book of gardens : a treatise on American and foreign bulbs for outdoor and indoor culture. 1920. Schilberszky, C. Monographic de la horticulture en Hongrie. 1900. Sheets, E. W. New, rare and good old irises. 1930. Shull, J. M* Rainbow fragments. 1931. Silva Tarouca, E., graf, ed. Unsere f reiland-laubgeholze ; hrsg. von E. Silva Tarouca und C. Schneider; 3te umgearb. und verm. aufl. 1931. Smith, D. L. What greater delight [an anthology] 1931. Smith, E. D. Smith's chrysanthemum manual; ed. 7. 1930. Soderini, G. Delia cultura degli orti e giardini. 1814. South African garden manual; ed. 5. 1931. Speller, F. C. Garden clubs : their activities and organization. 1931. Standley, P. C. Orchid collecting in Central America. 1925. Stapf, O., ed. Iconum botanicarum index londinensis, v. 2-6. 1930-31. Studer, J. H. and Co., ed. Studer's popular ornithology : the birds of North America. 1881. Sutton and sons. The culture of vegetables and flowers from seeds and roots; 18th ed. 1930. Tabor, G. Garden primer; new ed. rev. and enl. 1911. Tabor, G. Making a bulb garden. 1912. Tabor, G. Making a garden to bloom this year. 1912. Thorne, C. E. Maintenance of soil fertility. 1930. Thornton, A. Rock garden primer. 1929. Trelease, W. Plant materials of decorative gardening, the woody plants ; ed. 4, rev. 1930. Trimen, H. Handbook to the flora of Ceylon, pt. 6, supplement by A. H. G. Alston. 1931. [Trovillion, V., comp.] Another tussie-mussie, comp. by V. and H. W. Trovillion. 1930. Tusser, T. Five hundred points of good husbandry, with an intro- duction by Sir Walter Scott and a benediction by Rudyard Kipling incorporated in a foreward by E. V. Lucas. 1931. Uhlmann, C. J. Catalog of native and foreign grape vines at the grape vine nursery of C. J. Uhlmann, Washington. 1861. U. S. Congress. House Committee on appropriations. Mediterranean fruit fly. 1930. Le Uve da tavola. 1930. Vagliasindi. G. Piante da fiori e da ornamento, by G. Vagliasindi e O. Masera. 1924. Versluys, M. C. Aanleg en groei der wortels van Hyacinthus orien- talis. 1927. Vilmorin, H. L de. Catalogue methodique et synonymique des varietes de pommes de terre ; 4th ed. ref ondue. 1927. GO MASSACIIUKKTTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Walker, R. D. Principles of underdrainage. 1929. Walpole, H. On modern gardening; an essay with preface and biblio- graphical note by W. S. Lewis. 1931. Ward, F. K. Plant hunting on the edge of the world. 1930. Weston, T. A. All about flowering bulbs for home and garden. 1931. Weston, T. A. Practical carnation culture. 1931. White, R. P. Diseases of ornamental plants. 1931. Wilder, Mrs. L. B. Adventures in a suburban garden. 1931. Willis, J. C. A dictionary of the flowering plants and ferns; ed. 6. 1931. Wilson, A. Insects and their control; ed. 2. 1931. Wilson, Ellis H. Hardy perennials, by Ellis H. and R. T. Wilson. 1929. Wilson, Ernest H. If I were to make a garden. 1931. Yokohama nursery. Lilies of Japan. 1907. Zahn, F. Fiirst Ptickler-Muskau als gartenktinstler und mensch, von F. Zahn und R. Kalwa 1928. The Oldest Garden Club Late in 1931 the Trustees of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society awarded a silver medal to the Cambridge Plant Club of Cambridge, Mass., in recognition of the fact that it is the oldest garden club in America. Much has been written about the origin of the garden club movement but there is no record of any such organization having been formed previous to 1889, which was the year in which the Cambridge Plant Club came into existence. This club has carried on its various activities with unabated enthusiasm through all the subsequent years and is functioning actively at the present time. It is a member of the Garden Club Federation of Massachusetts and exhibited at the Centennial Exhibition of the Massachusetts Horticul- tural Society. Several members of the original group are still taking part in the work of the club. This organization was considered a novelty when it was formed and a number of similar clubs were started in neigh- boring cities soon after. They, however, lasted' for only a short time. The first meeting of the Cambridge Plant Club was held on January 20, 1889, at the home of Mrs, John Hayes, with about 20 persons present. The purpose of the club was stated to be the exchange of experiences and a discussion of the best methods of cultivating house and garden plants. The name of the club was suggested by Mrs. Hayes. In 1929 the club cele- brated its fortieth anniversary with several of the original members present. The next oldest garden club appears to be one organized at Athens, Ga., in 1892, at the home of Dr. E. C. Newton. It was christened The Ladies Garden Club of Athens and is still active. 67 rs <3 So i- O r-Sj § r-S£ 05 r58 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY REPORTS OF THE OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES PRESENTED AT THE ANNUAL MEETING MAY 2, 1932 WITH A LIST OF MEMBERS ADMITTED IN 1931 © •<s> CO to ~» i— ^ a» tel o § ^ §^ © £q So © ^ fe The Annual Meeting, 1932 The annual meeting of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society was held at Horticultural Hall on Monday, May 2, with the President, Mr. Edwin S. Webster, in the chair. The Secretary read the call for the meeting and the minutes of the previous meeting, after which the President announced that the polls were open and that Mr. Paul Frese, Mrs. Florence Mayo and Miss Phyllis Allen had been appointed tellers. The President then read his annual address as follows : Address of the President A year ago I stood at this table in the absence of the then President, Mr. Albert C. Burrage, who was abroad, and read a short message from him to the Society. I did not dream that a year from that time I should be standing here as Mr. Burrage's successor. The passing of Mr. Burrage was a severe loss to the Society. He served as President for a longer time than any of his predecessors and no man in the entire history of the Society did more to advance its interests. I suggest, therefore, that the members of the Society here present stand for a moment in silent tribute to the memory of Mr. Burrage. (Those present then arose and remained standing a short time. ) This is the second time that a combined annual and inaugural meeting of the Society has been held. The date was changed from the first of November, with the hope of increasing both the attendance and interest of the members, but more particu- larly to permit the appointment of the committees so that they would continue in office from a date immediately following the Spring show until after the next Spring show. This arrange- ment makes it possible for the committee which starts prepara- tions for the Spring show to carry it through to its final con- clusion. This has been a radical change but is working out, I feel, to the advantage of the Society. It is pleasant to find that the Society itself has been affected only slightly by the current depression. Additions to member- ship have been larger than losses from that source. At the beginning of May, 1931, the Society had 6,578 members. At the beginning of May this year it had 7,308 members, an increase of 730. This is the active, paid-up membership and does not in- clude some scores of members who have become delinquent. 71 72 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Under the by-laws a member is carried for a year after he ceases paying dues, unless he resigns. A member is not con- sidered active when he becomes three months or more behind in his dues. The present membership is by far the largest in the history of the Society, and twice that of any similar organiza- tion in the country. Membership dues are, of course, very low. I am not sure that the Society would not gain by increasing the dues for the first year to $3.00, keeping them at $2.00 a year thereafter. The Library has shown a healthy growth, as the report of the Chairman of the Library Committee, Mr. Kidder, will show. Ten years ago only one person was employed in the Library and the room was empty most of the time. Now three persons are on duty, and constant use is being made of the books. One particular advantage comes from holding the Spring flower show in this building. It provides the means of intro- ducing many new persons to the Library and to the Society itself. The gain in membership is always large when a show is held here. This year, for the first time, the Library was kept open each evening during the progress of the show and with marked success. The number of visitors was very large and the number of books loaned increased to a total of 680 for the month, as compared with 442 in 1931, when the Spring show was held elsewhere. Every effort is being made to make the Library of value to the members of the Society. Its usefulness is not confined to them, however, for it is open to the public every week day, a fact which apparently is not realized generally. This part of the Society's work represents free service entirely. There is no income from the Library and its growth and popularity in- crease the cost of operation. Nevertheless, the officers of the Society take particular pride in the Library and in its expan- sion. It has been maintained almost from the beginning of the Society's existence, more than 100 years ago, and is stirpassed by no other Library of its kind in the world. Most of the exhibitions also represent a gratuitous service on the part of the Society. No charge is made at any of the Summer or Autumn shows and a large amount of money is spent for maintaining these shows at a high standard. This would not be possible except for the profit yielded by the Spring THE ANNUAL MEETING, 1932 73 exhibition, for which a charge is made. This Spring show has come to be a fixed event in the Society's operations and is gradu- ally being placed on a practical business basis. It was deemed wise to hold the show this year in Horticul- tural Hall, the Trustees feeling that the attendance probably would be rather less than usual on account of the general finan- cial stringency. To the surprise of everyone, the hall was crowded to capacity much of the time. In fact, it became neces- sary on several occasions to close the doors, and many com- plaints have been received from visitors who could not properly view the exhibition. I feel, with the other Trustees, that it is not fair to the public to take money for a show which cannot be enjoyed in comfort. The Board was unanimous in deciding at the close of this year's show that larger quarters must be sought for Spring exhibi- tions in the future. The Trustees, therefore, voted to hold the exhibition of 1933 in a larger hall and demonstrated their belief that outside quarters would be required in all subse- quent years by voting to engage another assistant for the Secretary. This assistant will be employed largely in arranging and staging the exhibitions of the Society, particularly the Spring exhibition, under the general direction of the Com- mittee on Exhibitions. This is committing the Society to a new policy but one which seems to have been justified by the con- tinued growth in interest shown by the public in the Society's exhibitions, an interest which runs parallel with the surprising growth of the garden movement throughout the country. Mr. Kelsey, in his report as Chairman of the Committee on Exhibi- tions, will give you some of the details of the shows. The Society has not entirely escaped the effects of business conditions, having suffered slightly in its investments, although not to a degree that interferes with its work. The receipts from membership dues, amounting to $12,059.50 in 1931, are a help in meeting the expenses of the Society, and together with the profits of the Spring show, make possible the maintenance of the Society's usual activities, in addition to the upkeep of the building and the development of its Library. Edwin S. "Webster, President. 74 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Report of the Secretary As mentioned by your President, the Society sustained a heavy loss the past year in the death of Mr. Albert C. Burrage, for ten years its president. Mr. Edwin S. Webster, as Vice- President, was elected to succeed Mr. Burrage and appointed Messrs. Endicott, Kidder and Lyman to prepare resolutions which were later submitted and adopted as follows : Whereas Albert Cameron Burrage^ President of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, died at West Manchester, Massachusetts, June 28, 1931, be it therefore Resolved, that the Trustees hereby express their deep sense of loss in the death of Mr. Burrage and their appreciation of his pre-eminent services to the Society. Under his administration its membership increased from 800 to 6,000, his influence has extended its activities, and a world wide reputation for its Library, its publications and its exhibitions has been more firmly established. Mr. Burrage served as President for a period of ten years, a longer time than any of his predecessors. This Committee regrets that it is unable to present a suitable Memoir at this time, but later an account of his horticultural life will be written. Resolved, that these Resolutions be spread on the records of the Society, and that a copy thereof be sent to the family of Mr. Burrage. Several important changes in the arrangement of the offices inaugurated by Mr. Burrage were carried out early in the year. The rearrangement has greatly improved the working quarters for the Secretary's staff. Later in the year, when the announce- ment was made that Mr. Burrage had bequeathed his horti- cultural library of about 2,000 volumes to the Society, it became evident that additional library space would be required. Ac- cordingly, a new room of ample proportions was made on the upper floor of the building, connecting with the present Library by a stairway. It was necessary to install several long iron girders to support the floor, which was afterwards cemented. This, with the heavy tile walls, gives a fireproof room for the storage of books. These Library alterations cost about $4,500, this amount of money being made available by the profits of the Spring show, although $5,000 was withdrawn from these profits and added to the Exhibition Insurance Fund, which now totals $35,000. In July the Trustees elected Mr. Walter Hunnewell Vice- THE ANNUAL MEETING, 1932 75 President to fill the vacancy created by Mr. Webster as Presi- dent. This left a vacancy in the Board, which was filled by the election of Mr. Albert C. Burrage, Jr. At a meeting in October, a special committee appointed to report on land at the corner of Longwood Avenue and Brookline Avenue being held by certain trustees and estates for the Society, reported against buying the land and recommended that the Society abandon the idea of erecting a new building on that site. It was the feeling of the committee that the present building will be adequate for many years, that its location is very accessible, and that it meets the needs of the public. The report was accepted and the recommendations adopted. At the October meeting Mrs. Thayer, Chairman of the Com- mittee on Gardens, made her report, recommending the follow- ing awards : The Society's large gold medal from the H. H. Hunnewell fund to Mr. and Mrs. John S. Ames for their estate at North Easton; silver medals to Mrs. John R. McG-inley for her garden at Smith's Point, Manchester, and to Mr. and Mrs. Geoffrey G. Whitney for their garden at Woods Hole; and garden certificates to Mr. Archibald Blanchard of Nahant, Mr. Charles D. Armstrong of Marston's Mill, North Centerville, and to Mr. and Mrs. Charles A. Proctor of Swampscott. In reporting for the special Medal Committee, Mr. Oakes Ames made the following recommendations : That the George Robert White Medal of Honor be awarded to Dr. Frederick V. Coville of Washington, the Jackson Dawson Memorial Medal to William H. Judd of the Arnold Arboretum, the Thomas Roland Medal to J. D. Eisele of Philadelphia, and the Society's large gold medal from the William N. Craig Fund to Miss Isabella Preston of Ottawa, Canada. Later the Trustees voted a silver medal to the Cambridge Plant Club as the oldest garden club in America. It was also voted to award the Society's gold medal to Mrs. Eleanor Motley Low, who founded the Lowthorpe School of Landscape Archi- tecture for Women at Groton, and who has devoted a long life to the advancement of horticulture. At the last meeting of the year, a special committee recom- mended the award of the Albert C. Burrage $1,000 gold vase for 1931 to Bobbink & Atkins of Rutherford, N. J., for the 76 M VSSA(MIUSKTTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY great exliibit set up by this firm at the Spring exhibition in 1931. This recommendation was adopted. The porch competition inaugurated by Mr. Burrage con- tinues to attract attention, and the medal award for 1931 was made to Mr. and Mrs. C. W. Goodridge of East Milton. For the second year the Society opened its doors to the University Extension Division of the State Department of Education, which conducted two classes, one in landscape gar- dening and one in the culture of house plants. The attendance was large. The loss by death in the year 1931 was heavy, a total of 76, including 26 life members and 50 annual members. As shown by the President's report, the Society has not suffered any loss of membership but, on the contrary, has made a steady gain. The proportion of life members to annual mem- bers, however, continues smaller than it ought to be. The rentals in 1931 brought in $5,626.39, a slightly smaller amount than in 1930. Horticultural Hall continues to be the meeting place of many organizations, which are thus tied up with the Society's activi- ties. They include : Federation of Garden Clubs of Massachusetts New England Wild Flower Preservation Society Benevolent Fruit and Flower Mission Boston Chapter of the National Association of Gardeners Gardeners' and Florists' Club of Boston New England Greenkeepers' Association Boston Mycological Club New England Dahlia Society New England Gladiolus Society New England Carnation Growers' Association The Society has continued its pleasant and helpful relations with outside organizations, especially the horticultural societies of New York, Pennsylvania, Worcester, and the North Shore. There has been the usual exchange of medals with the New York and Pennsylvania societies. The Secretary again desires to express his hearty apprecia- tion of the unfailing support which has been given him by the Trustees and members of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society. Edward I. Farrington, Secretary. OS o OS to 6h 78 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Report of the Treasurer List of Statements Contained in a Report on the Audit of Accounts and Financial Records, for the Tear Ended December 31, 1931 Exhibit A — Statement of financial condition at December 31, 1931. Exhibit B — Statement of income and expenditure, year ended December 31, 1931. Schedule A-l — Investments, December 31, 1931. Schedule A-2 — Sundry funds at December 31, 1931. Schedule B-l — Statement of income and expenditure, Spring Show 1931. Schedule B-2 — Statement of income and expenditure, year ended December 31, 1931, "Horticulture." Schedule B-3 — Building" expenses, year ended December 31, 1931. Schedule B-4 — Library appropriation, year ended December 31, 1931. Schedule B-5— Library expenses, year ended December 31, 1931. Schedule B-6 — Office expenses, year ended December 31, 1931. Exhibit A STATEMENT OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AT DECEMBER 31, 1931 Assets Cash in Banks and on Hand $ 15,340.83 Treasurer $ 13,336.60 Bursar: In banks 782.98 On hand 10.00 Savings bank deposit 1,211.25 $ 15,340.83 Investments — Valued at Cost — see Schedule A-l 567,231.24 Capital Assets— see Note 1 580,181.54 Real estate $498,564.63 Improvements and additions to buildings .... 19,442.60 Library 46,580.47 Massachusetts Horticultural Society History . 6,580.38 Furniture and exhibition ware 9,013.46 $580,181.54 Deferred Charges — Spring Show 1932 52.50 $1,162,806.11 Liabilities and Capital Funds Sundry Funds— Schedule A-2 $439,019.23 Special Uses: Principal $156,713.73 Unexpended income 6,462.20 $163,175.93 THE ANNUAL MEETING, 1932 79 General Uses : Principal $275,843.30 $439,019.23 Life Membership Fees $ 19,594.00 Mount Auburn Cemetery Fund 42,542.37 Capital 564,524.70 Profit and Loss (Capital) 69,550.15 Balance, January 1, 1931 $ 68,524.90 Add : Gain on sale of securities 1,025.25 $69,550.15 Income Account 27,575.66 Balance, January 1, 1931 $ 26,113.59 Excess of income over expenditure for year 1931— Exhibit B . 2,918.86 $ 29,032.45 Less : Amount expended for new building charged off 1,456.79 $ 27,575.66 $1,162,806.11 Note 1 : Capital assets are stated at cost. Depreciation on capital assets has not been provided for. Note 2: Massachusetts Horticultural Society publishes semi-monthly a publication entitled "Horticulture." On December 31, 1931, there was due from advertisers in "Horticulture" $9,755.53, and there were bills outstand- ing for printing, paper, etc., amounting to $1,669.02. The financial records of "Horticulture" are kept on the cash receipts and payments basis. The amount due from advertisers and the indebtedness for printing, paper, etc., are not reflected in the above statement. Exhibit B STATEMENT OF INCOME AND EXPENDITURE, YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 1931 Income Income from investments and bank interest (less proportion allocated to restricted funds) $23,529.91 Membership fees 12,059.50 Rentals 5,626.39 Spring Show 1931— Schedule B-l 16,604.32 Sundry donations 9.00 80 M \SSA(MIUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Intidentals $ 165.33 Sale of lots— Mt. Auburn Cemetery 1,943.91 $59,938.36 Less : Subscription portion of membership fees to "Horticulture" included in membership fees 1,428.19 $58,510.17 Add : "Horticulture" income — Schedule B-2 1,477.51 Expenditure Operating Expenses : Building expenses — Schedule B-3 .... $18,156.38 Library appropriation — Schedule B-4 2,427.05 Library expenses — Schedule B-5 .... 5,903 68 Office expenses — Schedule B-6 24,666.51 Miscellaneous exhibition expense .... 676.42 Awards and Lectures : Lectures $ 196.15 Medals and certificates 3,590.13 Judges' fees 400.00 Prizes in excess of income on restricted funds 1,052.50 $59,987.68 $51,830.04 5,238.78 57,068.82 Excess of Income over Expenditure: — Transferred to Income Account— Exhibit A $ 2,918.86 Schedule A-l INVESTMENTS, DECEMBER 31, 1931 Bonds $ 5,000 American European Securities - 5 1958 $ 5,000.00 4,000 American Tel. & Tel. Convert 4 1936 4,000.00 5,000 American Tel. & Tel 5 1946 4,973.75 20,000 American Tel. & Tel 5 1965 20,106.94 20,000 Atlantic Refining Co 5 1937 19,940.00 8,000 Boston & Maine R. R. Reg'd 4y 2 1944 8,000.00 50,000 Chicago, Burlington & Quincy R, R 3y 2 1949 50,000.00 3,000 Chicago Junction Ry. & Union Stock Yards 5 1940 2,824.50 15,000 Columbus Electric & Power Co 5 1954 14,700.00 10,000 Columbus Electric & Power Co 4y 2 1933 9,600.00 6,000 Commonwealth Edison Co 4*/ 2 1956 5,745.00 11,000 Consolidated Elec. Co. G. S. F 5 1955 10,010.00 THE ANNUAL MEETING, 1932 81 10,000 Edison Elec. 111. Co 5 1933 $ 9,950.00 15,000 Fisk Rubber Co &/ 2 1931 14,737.50 15,000 Georgia Power Co 5 1967 14,550.00 15,000 Indianapolis Gas Co 5 1952 14,775.00 4,000 Interborough Rapid Transit 5 1966 3,920.00 5,000 Iowa Power & Light Co 4V 2 1958 4,562.50 20,000 Louisiana Power & Light Co 5 1957 19,200.00 5,000 New England Tel. & Tel 5 1952 4,982.50 5,000 New England Power Ass'n 5y 2 1954 4,750.00 25,000 New South Wales, State of 5 1957 24,062.50 10,000 New York Central R. R 5 2013 9,950.00 17,000 New York Power & Light Co 4% 1967 ' 16,090.00 5,000 North American Edison Co. "C" 5 1969 4,775.00 10,000 Pacific Gas & Electric 4% 1960 9,800.00 5,000 Pacific Gas & Electric P/ 2 1957 4,993.75 12,000 Pacific Tel. & Tel 5 1937 11,670.00 11,300 Pere Marquette R. R. Co . 5 1956 9,933.75 3,000 Philadelphia Suburban Water Co 5 1955 2,955.00 10,000 Public Utilities Corp 5*/ 2 1947 9,925.00 10,000 Puget Sound Power & Light Co 4y 2 1950 9,450.00 10,000 Puget Sound Power & Light Co. . 5y 2 1949 10,150.00 15,000 Railway & Light Securities 5 1951 14,587.50 25,000 Shawinigan Water Power Co 4y 2 1968 24,625.00 8,000 Shell Pipe Line Corp 5 1952 7,663.75 13,000 Southern Pacific Utilities 5 1943 11,862.50 10,000 Southern California Telephone 5 1947 9,550.00 5,000 Utah Power & Light Co 5 1944 4,900.00 5,000 Western Electric Co 5 1944 4,825.00 5,000 Western Union Tel. Co 5 1938 4,982.50 15,000 Yodkin River Power Co 5 1941 15,077.50 Total $468,156.44 Stocks 56 American Tel. & Tel $10,176.88 738 154 / 2 oo Electric Bond & Share Co.""! 2,726 General Electric Co. Special I 38,147.92 2,192 General Electric Co. Common J 500 National Power & Light Cum. Pfd 50,750.00 Total $99,074.80 Summary Bonds $468,156.44 Stocks 99,074.80 Total— Exhibit A $567,231.24 82 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Schedule A-2 SUNDRY FUNDS AT DECEMBER 31, 1931 Income to be Used for Special Purposes Unexpended Total Income Principal Samuel Appleton Fund $ 1,000.00 $ 1,000.00 Josiah Bradlee Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00 Albert Cameron Burrage— Library 32,105.17 $2,105.17 30,000.00 Albert Cameron Burrage— Show 20,000.00 20,000.00 Albert Cameron Burrage 1,244.83 5.17 1,250.00 John C. Chaffin Fund 1,071.89 71.89 1,000.00 William N. Craig Fund 2,585.00 85.00 2,500.00 Benjamin B. Davis Fund 523.00 23.00 500.00 Jackson Dawson Memorial Fund 3,816.85 589.85 3,227.00 John S. Farlow Fund 2,522.67 22.67 2,500.00 John S. Farlow — Newton Horticultural Society 2,900.42 2,900.42 Benjamin F. French— No. 1 500.00 500.00 Benjamin F. French— No. 2 3,000.00 3,000.00 John Allen French Fund 5,000.61 .61 5,000.00 John D. Williams French Fund 11,848.10 166.22 11,681.88 Henry A. Gane Memorial Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00 H. H. Hunnewell Fund— No. 1 680.50 180.50 500.00 H. H. Hunnewell Fund— No. 2 2,470.00 470.00 2,000.00 H. H. Hunnewell Fund— No. 3 1,605.50 105.50 1,500.00 John A. Lowell Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00 Theodore Lyman Fund— No. 1 1,000.00 1,000.00 Theodore Lyman Fund— No. 2 .... 10,000.00 10,000.00 Benjamin H. Peirce Fund 1,215.00 415.00 800.00 Thomas Roland 3,747.03 747.03 3,000.00 John Lewis Russell Fund 1,353.48 353.48 1,000.00 *Show Fund 35,000.00 35,000.00 William J. Walker Fund 2,362.79 8.36 2,354.43 Levi Whitcomb Fund 500.00 500.00 George Robert White Fund 11,090.09 1,090.09 10,000.00 Marshall P. Wilder Fund 1,033.00 33.00 1,000.00 Total— Exhibit A $163,175.93 $6,462.20 $156,713.73 Income for General Purposes Anonymous Funds $ 1,000.00 $ 1,000.00 Albert Cameron Burrage Fund 1,200.00 1,200.00 Helen Collamore Fund 5,000.00 5,000.00 Arthur F. Estabrook Legacy 47,500.00 47,500.00 *$5,000 added to this fund in 1931. THE ANNUAL. MEETING, 1932 83 Ida F. Estabrook Legacy $11,238.76 $ 11,238.76 Caroline S. Freeman Fund 10,000.00 10,000.00 Francis Brown Hayes Bequest 189,904.54 189,904.54 Francis Brown Hayes Fund 10,000.00 10,000.00 Total— Exhibit A $275,843.30 $275,843.30 Schedule B-l SPRING SHOW 1931 Statement of Income and Expenditure Income Tickets : Regular admissions $47,428.05 Trade tickets 3,400.00 Students' tickets 236.00 Guest tickets 1,710.00 Miscellaneous tickets 1,149.60 Garden Club tickets — special 920.25 $54,843.90 Rental trade space 6,511.25 Advertising — special show guide 625.00 Checking 436.78 Restaurant 697.48 Wheel chair rental 31.50 Telephone 19.36 Donations — for prizes 5,100.00 for salaries 18.00 $68,283.27 Expenditure Rent $ 8,796.58 Printing 2,362.41 Salaries and wages 2,473.25 Advertising 4,720.39 Prizes 21,003.00 Stationery and postage 158.12 Insurance 100.00 Special rental returned 185.00 Telephone 95.98 Supplies 81.48 Incidentals 6,702.74 46,678.95 Excess of Income over Expenditure $21,604.32 Transferred to Show Fund — Principal 5,000.00 Balance to General Income — Exhibit B $16,604.32 84 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Schedule B-2 "HORTICULTURE" Statement of Income and Expenditure, Year Ended December 31, 1931 Income Advertising $ 33,805.73 Subscriptions 17,538.40 Books 304.64 Miscellaneous 158.68 $51,807.45 Expenditures Printing $23,820.99 Paper 10,497.30 Cuts 1,406.74 Wrappers 479.79 Postage 3,729.82 Books 251.53 Commissions and discounts 6,552.92 Contributions 1,297.75 Miscellaneous 2,293.10 50,329.94 Excess of Income over Expenditure — Transferred to General Income— Exhibit B $ 1,477.51 Schedule B-3 BUILDIN1G EXPENSES Year Ended December 31, 1931 Labor $10,050.50 Supplies 578.45 Insurance 1,446.85 Heating 1,120.30 Lighting 1,666.75 Telephone and telegraph 61.00 Repairs and improvements 2,812.76 Incidentals 419.77 Totals-Exhibit B $18,156.38 THE ANNUAL MEETING, 1932 85 Schedule B-4 LIBRARY APPROPRIATION Year Ended December 31, 1931 Printing $ 74.50 Binding and repairs 1,333.71 Books and periodicals 385.00 Supplies 605.62 Extra salaries and wages 25.22 Incidentals 3.00 Total— Exhibit B $2,427.05 Schedule B-5 LIBRARY EXPENSES Year Ended December 31, 1931 Salaries $5,246.25 Supplies 167.68 Postage 97.50 Insurance 2.00 Repairs 389.00 Incidentals 1.25 Total— Exhibit B $5,903.68 Schedule B-6 OFFICE EXPENSES Year Ended December 31, 1931 Salaries $14,709.00 Stationery and postage 2,003.84 Printing 2,023.48 Supplies 486.98 Telephone and telegraph 426.77 Repairs 7.02 Binding 17.50 Incidentals 4,991.92 Total— Exhibit B $24,666.51 86 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Report of the Library Committee An account of a year's work in the Library is both a state- ment of events and a report of progress. The real test of a year's success is the way in which the Library is used by the membership of the Society at large. We therefore buy books old and new, broaden our contacts, strengthen resources, or improve equipment with the purpose of meeting the needs of patrons more effectively. An unusually large number of requests have come to the Library from workers on important problems ; whether because more people are doing serious work or because more of them are turning to us is an interesting speculation. These readers have been of varied types, amateurs, garden club officers, pro- fessional horticulturists and landscape architects, book store managers, authors, librarians. They are not limited in residence to the neighborhood of Boston. Although the New England states, New York and Pennsylvania provide most of our patron- age we have regular correspondents and borrowers from Maine to Alabama and California. In addition to a large unrecorded use of books in the reading room, 3,508 volumes were borrowed for use at home in 1931, and nearly half these books went out by mail. It is often this oppor- tunity to borrow books that attracts distant members into the Society. The number of other libraries and institutions with which we have exchanged information has grown in two years from 16 to 48. The most significant of these contacts in 1931 was -an invitation from the Library of Congress to be represented in their "Project B, Increase of the Bibliographic Apparatus," generally known as their Union Catalogues. This is a record of the location of books of interest to students, and is gradually being developed to cover all fields of knowledge and all the important libraries of the country. Four hundred and forty-eight volumes were added to the Library in 1931. The list includes a number of very important works, such as : Rariorum aliquot stirpium per Hispanias obseruatarum historia, by Clusius, published in 1576. Species plantarum, by Linnaeus, first edition, 1753. The Herball, or generall historie of plantes, by Gerarde, first and second editions, 1597 and 1633. THE ANNUAL MEETING, 1932 87 The Botanic garden, by Maund, published between 1825 and 1851, a complete set, of an earlier and better impression than the one we already had. Gardens of colony and state, recently published by the Garden Club of America. Orchids of the north eastern United States photographed from nature by Edwin Hale Lincoln, published 1931. Mr. Burrage, our late President, bequeathed to the Society his horticultural library. The books have not yet been given into our care, but the catalogue shows that the collection is large and of fine quality, and, as we would expect, is rich in orchid litera- ture. It is one of the finest of such gifts with which our Library has been honored, and will enrich our shelves considerably. Two important Library projects have been carried on from 1930, the indexing of a selected group of magazines, and the repair and preservation of bindings. A new and long-needed shelf list of the Library has been undertaken, and will give us an important permanent record. Its most fundamental use is the taking of inventories, and for this it has no substitute. It gives the Librarian almost equally essential information about the make-up of the collection, and has already been helpful to staff and readers as a bibliography. We have had a new storage stack built to give space for nearly 20,000 additional volumes. The reading room has been provided with new lights and with new display racks for maga- zines, and the charging desk and catalogue cases have been rearranged to make a more effective working unit. A number of readers have expressed their pleasure in the greater con- venience and improved appearance of the room. Nathaniel T. Kidder, Chairman. Report of the Committee on Lectures and Publications The Committee on Lectures and Publications has been con- cerned particularly the past year with Horticulture, inasmuch as all publications have been affected to a greater or lesser degree by current business conditions. Fortunately, Horticul- ture has not suffered as much as many other publications in the same line or, for that matter, in the general field. The cir- culation, indeed, has continued to increase. The number of paid-up subscribers the first of January, 1931, was 20,549. This number had grown to 22,245 at the beginning of this year and has continued to increase, making the count for April 1 ? the 88 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY last available figures, 23,081. These figures include blanket subscriptions from the Pennsylvania and New York societies, which have not fallen behind, a fact which indicates their con- tinued prosperity. This linking together of the three societies through the medium of Horticulture has been an advantageous arrangement, your committee believes, in every way. The three societies have co-operated in recent years as never before and have been of assistance to each other in various ways. The com- bined membership of the three societies constitutes a very powerful influence for the advancement of horticulture, as a vocation and an avocation. Like most publications, Horticulture is carrying fewer pages than it normally would carry at this season of the year. With a shrinkage in advertising receipts it has become necessary to curtail somewhat its publication expense. This means inevitably a somewhat smaller paper. The editor has endeavored to meet the situation by obtaining the best possible editorial material but by boiling it down to make it occupy as little space as pos- sible. In this way a great number of subjects has been discussed throughout the year. It is safe to say, that almost every plant of importance being cultivated in the gardens of this country today can be found mentioned in the index of Horticulture. In the years to come, no publication will serve as a better guide to the plants in cultivation today. As our greatest income is derived from advertising a few comparisons may be of interest. We find that advertising re- ceipts, which totaled $38,579.31 in 1929, dropped to $36,401.71 in 1930, and made a still greater decline in 1931, when the total receipts were only $33,805.73. This decline in advertising re- ceipts is a natural result of impaired business conditions and, as may again be pointed out, is much less in comparison than the decline suffered by many other magazines. Subscription receipts, on the other hand, have come to be an increasingly important factor, amounting in 1931 to $17,538.40. The books of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society show that the total receipts from Horticulture for the year 1931 were $51,807.45 while expenses totaled $51,758.13. A marked drop in the price of paper has been taken advan- tage of in buying paper stock for the present year. This will help materially to reduce the cost of publication. It was also THE ANNUAL MEETING, 1932 89 deemed best at the beginning of the year to do away with two- color covers as a matter of economy. The present type of cover, which was adopted with the first number in January, seems to be giving satisfaction and permits another saving in publica- tion costs. Horticulture has maintained its position as the leading publication in its own particular field. Indeed, it has no com- petitor as a horticultural news magazine going to its readers twice a month. The committee feels that it is serving a very useful purpose and that it continues to be one of the Society's most valuable assets. The occasional publication of a bulletin on a subject not adequately covered has proved wise. These bulletins are sold at cost and a surprisingly large number are called for. The bulletin on Rock Gardens has sold especially well, nearly 2,000 copies having been disposed of. Dr. Kendall's bulletin on Grapes has also sold well — a total of about 1,200 copies. About 550 copies of the bulletin on House Plants have been sold. A new bulletin on Begonias by Mrs. H. H. Buxton of Peabody, which was issued this Spring at 50 cents, has proved especially useful and almost 100 copies were sold at the Spring show. This is probably the most complete treatise on Begonias which has been published to date in this country. Three lectures were given by the Society in the course of 1931, one on March 9 by Clarence Elliott, a well known English horticulturist, one on June 5 by R. M. Cooley of Silverton, Ore., and one on August 22 by Professor A. B. Stout of the New York Botanical Garden, Bronx Park, N. Y. It has not yet seemed wise to resume the practice of putting on a regular lecture course, as is done in Philadelphia and New York. The committee prefers to be free to engage, even at short notice, any prominent person whose ability as a lecturer is recognized and who happens to be in this part of the country. Howard Coonley, Chairman. •S ^ THE ANNUAL MEETING, 1932 91 Report of the Committee on Exhibitions It is unnecessary to tell the members of the Society that the 1932 Spring 1 flower show held in Horticultural Hall, March 9 to March 14, was a success. The crowds which packed the hall and made it necessary to close the doors on several occasions at- tested that fact. The count of tickets showed a total attendance of 41,000. The paid admissions were 23,094 and 5,903 annual members attended on their free tickets. There was a total income of $30,755.58 with a total profit well above $15,000. The crowded condition of the show proved to your committee that the time had arrived to make a definite decision as to future Spring exhibitions. The committee believes that the Society should plan for a comprehensive show in larger quar- ters each year to meet the demands of the public and to keep up with the trend of the times. The committee is firm in the belief that the flower exhibitions of Boston should be kept in the hands of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, and that every effort should be made on the part of the Society to meet the wishes of exhibitors and visitors alike. The Committee on Exhibitions has already recommended to the Trustees that the Spring show of 1933 be held in a larger hall and the Trustees have authorized such action. Several steps towards putting the show on a solid business basis have been taken. This year the Trustees were given an itemized budget which they approved. The publicity this year was handled by the Society itself through its Secretary, with results as good or better than when the advertising was carried on through an expensive outside agency. This brought about a very considerable saving. Free tickets this year were greatly limited. Annual members were limited to two free admissions, includ- ing the preview. Your committee believes that the proposed changes in the by-laws which are being voted upon at this meeting are important and should be carried through. The date of this year's show was synchronized so far as possible w T ith that of the New York show, making it possible for garden lovers to enjoy both exhibitions. If future shows are to be held in larger quarters and are to include trade exhibits, it will be necessary to begin the work of preparation for each show immediately after the close of the previous show. More or less constant work is required for a year to put on one of these great exhibitions. In view of this 92 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY fact, the Committee on Exhibitions recommended to the Trustees that they authorize the appointment of an assistant to the Secretary, whose work should deal primarily with the shows. The Trustees adopted the recommendation and author- ized the appointment of such a man, who has been obtained in the person of Mr. James Geehan. It may be said that prepara- tions for next year's show have already been started. Although our Spring shows have ranked well and often have been better in quality than many of those held elsewhere, it is certain that they must be even better staged and better man- aged if they are to be permanently and increasingly successful. Is it not possible that the flower shows of America are still in the infant stage ? Personally, I believe this to be so and that the future possibilities are great and surprising. A flower show is increasingly a business as well as a pleasure proposition, and proper organization will richly repay justified expense. Another point to which the Committee on Exhibitions has given much thought is the judging of the shows, this applying to all the shows of the year. The committee believes that the use of a suitable system of point judging is indispensable. Exhibitors who know that their exhibits are going to be judged by a proper scale of points will be reconciled to accept the awards, while those setting up exhibits will be on their toes to stage displays which will give the best possible results. Boston should set the standard for a scientifically worked out system of judging. Judging is very difficult and judges should really be trained for the job. Yet by using a properly worked out and printed procedure, the result of continued tests, flower shows can be vastly improved, to the benefit of all concerned. Close co-opera- tion between the Committee on Exhibitions and the Committee on Prizes is necessary to effect these desired results. For several years the Society has been extremely fortunate in the weather conditions which have prevailed in Spring flower show week, which must partly account for the continued finan- cial success. It is hardly possible that this should always be so. An untimely blizzard might cause great loss. Indeed, such a disaster might be repeated successively for several seasons. Therefore, it would seem to be the part of wisdom to keep the flower show reserve fund, made up from flower show profits, amply sufficient to meet such losses without otherwise drawing THE ANNUAL MEETING, 1932 93 on the funds of the Society. There is now a reserve fund for this purpose amounting to $35,000. My personal view is that this amount might well be increased to. $50,000. The smaller shows during the past year have been reasonably successful, although weather conditions interfered somewhat with the June exhibitions. The plan of holding the Summer shows in the middle of the week instead of over the week-end was tried out with two shows and proved so successful that it is being extended to other shows this year. Many of our mem- bers spend their week-ends in the country or at the seashore, or else have Summer homes, and have declined to leave on Saturday or Sunday even for a flower exhibition. This year the Iris show, the Peony show, the Gladiolus show, and the children's exhibition will be held in the middle of the week. The Dahlia exhibitors preferred to have the Dahlia show retained for Saturday and Sunday. The Iris exhibition 1931 was at- tended by 4,617 persons. The attendance at the Peony, Rose, Sweet Pea and Strawberry exhibition increased to 6,375. The Gladiolus exhibition was attended by 9,414 persons, a sur- prisingly large number for late August. The Dahlia exhibition was attended by 5,304 persons and was not a great success, owing to the unfavorable season. This year the American Iris Society has been invited to hold its annual exhibition in connection with the Society's exhibi- tion, the date being June 8 and 9, and this promises to be the largest Iris show ever held in Boston. It comes at an unusually favorable time, as the National Council of State Garden Club Federations will be meeting in Boston on the dates of the show. The Committee on Exhibitions wishes to acknowledge with gratitude the sincere co-operation and help of the late Presi- dent Albert C. Burrage and his successor, President Edwin S. Webster. Each attended the meetings of the committee regu- larly and much of the success which the committee has enjoyed is due largely to their constant help and advice. Harlan P. Kelsey, Chairman. s fcl v. <4i Hi 5> THE ANNUAL MEETING, 1932 95 Report of the Committee on Prizes The report of the Prize Committee covers exhibitions from June 10-11, 1931, to March 10-14, 1932. The Society provided for its customary six exhibitions and the exhibition of the products of children's gardens. The Iris exhibition did not offer anything very striking, nor were the flowers shown to good advantage. It was very dis- appointing to see them closing up during the afternoon of the first day. Rhododendrons and Azaleas were shown in very limited numbers. It appears to be very difficult to arrange the dates satisfactorily to these subjects ; much depends on weather conditions. The Peony, Rose, Sweet Pea and Strawberry exhibition is ever an attraction to the general public and last year was no less so than formerly. The quality was very fine but compared with former exhibitions was very short of material. The Gladiolus exhibition was very fine and in conjunction with the New England Gladiolus Society, a goodly array of fine stock was displayed. This is the most popular exhibition of the Summer season. No outstanding new varieties were offered for scoring. The Dahlia display was a disappointment. For several days previous to the show the heat was excessive ; consequently the Dahlias suffered. The perennial displays by some of our de- voted members were the attraction and salvation of several of the small exhibitions during the Summer. More attractive premiums should be provided for this class of plants, ever increasing in popularity. The Autumn exhibition was one of great beauty and charm, with a large variety of entries of rare quality and excellent arrangements. Chrysanthemums and Carnations are coming to the fore once more in our Fall shows and give us more scope for arrange- ment. At the 1931 show Dr. W. G. Kendall was awarded the President's Cup for a very unique arrangement of hardy grapes, said by many to be the most complete collection ever displayed here. Vegetables, too, at this time were very well set up in attractive shape. We shall see in future shows more of the artistic arrangements that can be carried out in fruit and vegetable displays. Fruit was of excellent quality and we 96 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY suggest that the fruit schedule be brought up to date as to include newer varieties of apples. The Spring exhibition was one of the most beautiful the Society has ever held in Horticultural Hall, with a finish and artistic touch unexcelled. We cannot pass on without giving special tribute to Mrs. Albert C. Burrage for her remarkable exhibit of a tropical garden and Orchids, and we need to men- tion the unusual gardens of Mr. Edwin S. Webster, Mrs. Homer Gage, Mrs. C. G. Weld, Mrs. Theodore Brown and Mrs. M. M. Curran and the Orchids of Mr. Webster, Mr. Jere Downs, Mrs. Galen Stone, Walter H. Jewell and Thomas Roland, Inc. The President's Cup was awarded to The Gardens in the Woods (W. C. Curtis Ormand Hamilton) for a wild garden effect. The Holland scenery and Tulip garden of Breck's Inc. and the Ernest H. Wilson garden of Borowsky, too, had their interesting spots. Again we feel that our judges have done their work thor- oughly, conscientiously and without fear. They have attended regularly and have worked in full accord with the specialists appointed by the Prize Committee to judge in special classes. These men deserve the Society's commendation for their untiring efforts to interpret the schedule honestly and for the time they sacrifice to the uplift of horticulture. Samuel J. Goddard, Chairman. Report on the 1931 Exhibition of the Products of Children's Gardens The exhibitions of the products of children's gardens have greatly improved in the quality of the material displayed and many favorable comments were made last year on the improved appearance of the entire exhibit. This improvement was partly due to the greater space allotted to both individual and group exhibits, which permitted better arrangement on the part of the exhibitors, and made the work of the judges less compli- cated in handling the large number of classes to be judged. Crowding of exhibits, particularly in some of the most popular classes, is hard to avoid with many last minute entries. The Society has been very fortunate in obtaining the services of judges who have been most helpful in their sympathetic attitude toward the problems involved: THE ANNUAL MEETING, 1932 97 An innovation last year which seemed to work very well, was the showing of a garden film in the lower hall while the exhibit hall was cleared for judging. This provided entertainment and instruction for the children during this tedious waiting period and was a much appreciated feature of the exhibition. Marion Roby Case, Chairman. The Result of the Balloting At 5 p.m. the polls were closed and the results announced as follows : There were 35 votes for each of the following, who were declared elected: President (from May 2, 1932 to May 1, 1933) Edwin S. Webster Vice-President (from December 31, 1932 to May 7, 1934) Walter Hunnewell Trustees (from December 31, 1932 to May 6, 1935) Mrs. Bayard Thayer Mrs. Homer Gage Howard Coonley Samuel J. Goddard Harold S. Ross There were 33 votes for the following amendments to the by-laws, which were declared adopted : Amend Section XII, Clause 3, by striking out the entire clause and substituting the following : (3) Each member of the society shall be entitled to have at least one free admission to every exhibition of the society under rules established by the board of trustees. Amend Section VIII, Clause E, by striking out the first two lines and substituting the following : (E) The Committee on Exhibitions, consisting of at least two trustees and three other members of the society, who may or may not be trustees. . . . Amend Section VIII, Clause F, by striking out the first two lines and substituting the following : (F) The Committee on Prizes, consisting of at least two trustees and three other members of the society, who may or may not be trustees. . . . Membership in the Massachusetts Horticultural Society The constitution of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society fixes the annual dues at $2.00. For many years it was customary to charge an admission fee of $10.00, but by vote of the Trustees this requirement has been set aside for the present. Until the end of this year the only charge to new members will be $2.00, although this sum does not cover the cost to the Society of the publications which they will receive. Life membership is obtained by paying the sum of $50.00, no further charge ever being required. Annual members who have paid the entrance fee of $10.00 in past years may become life members by paying $40.00 additional. All members receive an identification card, which should be presented when books are borrowed from the Library. Any man or woman in any part of the country who is properly endorsed may make application for membership. New members are needed in order to increase the influence of the Society, and to broaden the scope of its work. Application blanks may be obtained by writing to The Secretary, Horticultural Hall, Boston, Mass. Note — The Secretary is glad to have present members send him the names of friends who might like to become enrolled. 98 Necrology The following is a list of the members of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society whose deaths were reported during the year 1931 : Mrs. John E. Alexandre Miss Mabel Keyes Babcock Mrs. Blanche H. Barnes Mrs. Dwight Blaney Arthur L. Blodgett J. M. Bradshaw Mrs. Joseph S. Bryant Miss Annie L. Burke Albert C. Burrage Mrs. F. B. Carpenter John Chany John L. Chapman Edward P. Claflin Mrs. Clara I. Cottle Newell L. Cutler Miss Agnes L. Dodge Charles F. Dowse Mrs. Clara B. C. Emerson Mrs. William Farnsworth Mrs. William H. Forbes Daniel C. French Mrs. Joseph E. Garland Morris Gray Erik H. Green Mrs. Willard Hanson Augustus Hemenway Joseph P. B. Henshaw Z. T. Hollingsworth Henry S. Howe L. Gertrude Howes Allen Hubbard Henry Sargent Hunnewell Hon. Joseph R. Leeson Mrs. Annie E. Libbey Mrs. Arthur F. Lord William C. Loring Daniel V. Mclsaac Charles H. Millett Alexander Montgomery Mrs. Charles H. Morss Everett P. Mudge Miss P. S. Murray Frederic R. Newbold Mrs. Emma D. Newhall Henry Nickerson Rev. John T. O'Brien Mrs. Leora E. Perkins Arthur Perry Waldo E. Pratt Mrs. Charlotte H. Presbrey Charles R. Price Mrs. C. E. Putnam Mrs. F. N. Robinson Charles Frederick Rogers Miss Marjorie Rolfe William Rollins Mrs. Bethia L. Sankey George H. Sargent Mrs. Frederick R. Sawyer Robert Seaver Mrs. Edna W. Small Mrs. Carroll Smith Mrs. Fanny Z. Smith Eugene A. Snow Moorfield Storey John H. Sturgis Charles H. Swan J. Arthur Taylor Henry J. Thayer Prof. Charles Henry Thompson Stanley Thorpe Mrs. Harry N. Vaughn Miss Alice Wakefield Mrs. J. Otis Wardwell Harry K. White Arthur E. Whitney Howard 0. Wood 99 Massachusetts Horticultural Society HONORARY MEMBERS 1900 Dr. Henry S. Pritchett, New York. CORRESPONDING MEMBERS 1925 D. M. Andrews, Boulder, Colorado. 1925 Rudolph D. Anstead, Director of the Agricultural College, Madras, India. 1921 J. F. Bailey, Director of the Botanic Gardens, Adelaide, South Australia. 1889 Dr. L. H. Bailey, Ithaca, New York. 1925 F. R. S. Balfour, Dawyck, Stobo, Peebleshire, Scotland. 1911 W. J. Bean, 2, Mortlake Road, Kew, England. 1918 Desire Bois, Paris, France. 1925 I. H. Burkill, F.L.S., care the Royal Gardens, Kew. 1925 G. H. Cave, Ashton-under-Hill, England. 1922 Joseph Edgar Chamberlin, Boston, Mass. 1918 Leon Chenault, Orleans, France. 1921 Fred J. Chittenden, Director of the Royal Horticultural Society Gardens, Wisley, Ripley, Surrey, England. 1925 Woon Young Chun, Botanical Dept., Southeastern University, Nanking, China. 1921 Allister Clark, Glenara, Bulla, Victoria, Australia. 1921 Dr. Leonard Cockayne, Ngaio, Wellington, New Zealand. 1925 Henri Correvon, Geneva, Switzerland. 1925 G. W. Darnell- Smith, Director of the Sydney Botanic Gardens, Sydney, New South Wales. 1925 Henry F. du Pont, Winterthur, Delaware. 1925 Pierre S. du Pont, Wilmington, Delaware. 1925 Charles C. Eley, M.A., F.L.S., Suffolk, England. 1925 I. B. Pole Evans, C.M.G., Chief of Division and Director Botanical Survey, Pretoria, South Africa. 1925 G. Fraser, Ucluelet, Vancouver Island, British Columbia. 1925 W. G. Freeman, B.S.C., F.L.S., Director of the Botanic Garden, Trinidad. 1900 Beverly T. Galloway, Department of Agriculture, Washing- ton, D. C. 1918 Professor N. E. Hansen, Brookings, South Dakota. 1925 Miss M. C. Hastie, Magnolia Gardens, S. C. 1911 Professor U. P. Hedrick, Geneva, N. Y. 100 MEMBERS OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 101 1907 Dr. Augustine Henry, Dublin, Ireland. 1925 Joseph Hers, Tung- Chang Hutung, Peking-, China. 1925 William Hertrick, San Gabriel, California. 1925 Hermann A. Hesse, Weener, Germany. 1925 M. Robert Hickel, Versailles, France. 1925 Arthur W. Hill, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London, England. 1925 E. G. Hill, Richmond, Ind. 1925 E. Hillier, Winchester, England. 1897 J. W. Hoffman, Orangeburg, S. C. 1925 R. E. Horsey, Rochester, N. Y. 1925 Professor H. H. Hu, National Southeastern University, Nan- king, China. 1925 Mrs. C. L. Hutchinson, Lake Geneva, Wisconsin. 1925 Hon. William M. Jardine, Washington, D. C. 1925 Charles W. Knight, Oakdale, N. Y. 1921 C. E. Lane-Poole, Canberra, Australia. 1925 C. C. Laney, Rochester, N. Y. 1875 G. F. B. Leighton, Norfolk, Virginia. 1911 M. Emile Lemoine, Nancy, France. 1925 Gerald W. E. Loder, M.A., F.L.S., Sussex, England. 1925 Donald MacGregor, care Royal Gardens, Kew. 1925 Dr. Rudolph Marloth, Capetown, South Africa. 1925 Sir John S. Maxwell, Pollokshaws, Scotland. 1925 The Rt. Hon. Sir Herbert E. Maxwell, Bart, F.R.S., D.C.L., Wigtownshire, North Britain. 1875 F. C. Maxwell, Geneva, N. Y. 1925 John McLaren, San Francisco, California. 1918 J. Horace McFarland, Harrisburg, Pa. 1925 Mrs. William Mercer, Doylestown, Pa. 1911 Wilhelm Miller, University of Illinois, Urbana, 111. 1925 Rev. E. M. Mills, D.D., Laguna Beach, California. 1925 Dr. Kingo Miyabe, Director of the Botanic Garden, Sapporo, Japan. 1898 Sir Frederick W. Moore, Glasnevin, Dublin, Ireland. 1918 Dr. George T. Moore, Botanical Gardens, St. Louis, Mo. 1925 F. Cleveland Morgan, Montreal, Canada. 1887 Sir Daniel Morris, K.C.M.G., 14 Crabton Close, Boscombe, Hants, England. 1925 Mr. Joy Morton, Chicago, Illinois. 1919 M. Seraphin Joseph Mottet, Verrieres-le-Buisson (Seine-et- Oise), France. 1925 F. R. Newbold, New York, N. Y. 1925 M. L. Parde, Nogent-sur-Vernisson (Loiret), France. 1906 Lt.-Col. Sir David Prain, Warlingham, Surrey, England. 102 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 1925 Miss Isabel Preston, Ottawa, Canada. 1925 Johannes Rafn, Skovfrokontoret, Copenhagen, Denmark. 1S94 Cavaliere Enrico Raguso, Palermo, Sicily. 1925 Dr. Robert Ridgway, Olney, Illinois. 1906 Dr. Henry L. Ridley, care Royal Gardens, Kew. 1898 Benjamin Lincoln Robinson, Ph.D., Curator of the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University, Cambridge. 1875 William Robinson, East Grinstead, Sussex, England. 1921 L. Rodway, C.M.G., Government Botanist and Secretary, Botanic Gardens, Hobart, Tasmania. 1899 William Salway, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1925 Camillo. Schneider, Charlottenburg, Germany. 1925 F. L. Skinner, Dropmore, Manitoba. 1925 Professor William Wright Smith, Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh, Scotland. 1925 Dr. H. Spaeth, Berlin-Baumschulenweg, Germany. 1925 Dr. Otto Stapf, London, England. 1921 David Tannock, Superintendent, Botanic Gardens, Dunedin, New Zealand. 1893 Professor William Trelease, Urbana, 111. 1921 M. Jacques de Vilmorin, Paris, France. 1912 Professor Hugo de Vries, University of Amsterdam, Amster- dam, Holland. 1918 F. Gomer Waterer, Bagshot, Surrey, England. 1925 Cyril T. White, Government Botanist, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. 1919 J. C. Williams, Gorran, Cornwall, England. 1906 Miss Ellen Willmott, Great Warley, Essex, England. 1921 Gurney Wilson, Richmond, Surrey, England. 1925 John C. Wister, Germantown, Pa. 1901 Professor L. Wittmack, Secretary of the Horticultural Society, Berlin. 1925 Major A. C. T. Woodward, Bewdley, Worcestershire, England. NEW MEMBERS ADDED IN 1931 Abbott, Mr. A. H., Winchester. Abbott, Mrs. Edward Moseley, Westferd. Abbott, Mrs. Edward West, Cambridge. Abbott, Mrs. Joseph L., Belmont. Achorn, Mr. C. C, South Portland, Me. Ackerson, Mr. Herbert N., Braintree. Ackerson, Mrs. Herbert N., Braintree. Adams, Mrs. Comfort A., Belmont. Adams, Miss Edna, Somerville. Adams, Mr. Karl, Boston. Adams, Mrs. Karl, Boston. Adams, Mr. Norman I., Lexington. Adams, Mrs. R. M., Winchester. Adams, Mrs. Walter S., Newtonville. Aerschong, Mr. Oskar, Chestnut Hill. Albee, Mr. Fred H., Winchester. Alden, Mrs. Eunice W., West Roxbury. Alexander, Miss Elizabeth, Concord. Alexander, Mrs. William A., West Rox- bury. Allan, Mrs. Dorothea F., West Lebanon, N. H. Allen, Dr. F. W., West Newton. Allen, Mr. George M., Boston. Allen, Miss Lillian, West Roxbury. Allen, Miss Phyllis M., Newton. Allen, Miss Viola, West Roxbury. Allison, Mrs. Mary V., Belmont. Almey, Mr. J. R., Winnipeg, Canada. Altieri, Mr. William S., Newton. Ames, Miss Lois W., East Weymouth. Anderson, Mr. Edgar, Jamaica Plain. Anderson, Mrs. Marie, Cresbard, N. Dakota. Andrews, Mrs. Dora W., Woburn. Angell, Mrs. C. N., Needham. Angier, Mr. Albert E., Marion. Angier, Mrs. George M., Marion. Ansley, Mrs. Charles, Auburndale. Anthony, Mr. DeForest, Fall River. Anthony, Mrs. DeForest, Fall River. Anthony, Mrs. Mabel H., Norwood. Anthony, Mrs. Marion P., Taunton. Applegate, Mrs. Octavius, Wellesley' Hills. Apsley, Mrs. Lewis Dewart, Hudson. Ardery, Mrs. C. B., Lexington, Ky. Armstrong, Miss Florence E., Mattapan. Arnold, Mrs. Charles W., Andover. Arnold, Mr. William, Mountain View, Me. Arsenault, Mrs. Fred J., Nashua, N. H. Ashman, Mr. Elmore Gilbert, Walpole. Atwater, Mr. C. B., Natick. Atwater, Mrs. H. D., Norwell. Atwood, Mrs. C. F., Arlington. Atwood, Mrs. William L., Brookline. Ayer, Mrs. Alice M., Waban. Ayres, Mrs. Frank C, West Newton. Ayres, Mrs. Philip N., Waban. Babcock, Mr. H. C, Norwood. Badger, Mrs. Harold B., Wollaston. Bailey, Mrs. Charles W., Wollaston. Bailey, Mrs. Elsa C, Auburndale. Bailey, Prof. Mervyn J., Boston. Bailey, Miss Theodora, Somerville. Bailey, M.D., William, Penacook, N. H. Baker, Mrs. E. H., Wollaston. Baker, Mr. George Herbert, Weymouth. Baker, Mrs. Lawrence A., Falmouth. Baker, Mrs. Lee, Brockton. Baker, Mr. Robert L., Cambridge. Ball, Mr. Francis L., Cambridge. Banks, Mr. John, Osterville. Bard, Mrs. Philip, Cambridge. Bardin, Miss Angie E., Boston. Barker, Mr. Frank D., Weymouth. Barnes, Mrs. David D., Belmont. Barnes, Miss Marie A., Shrewsbury. Barnes, Mr. Russell N., Brookline. Barnet, Mr. S. J., Boston. Barrow, Mrs. Ralph, Beacon Hill. Barry, Mrs. Alice T., Wollaston. Bartley, Miss Nellie M., Marshfield Hills. Barton, Mrs. Rosalia E., Weston. Barton, Mr. Walter J., Weston. Bass, Mr. Edgar E., Willimantic, Conn. Batchelder, Mrs. George L., Boston. Batchelder, Mrs. Philip, Rumford, R. I. Batey, Mr. J. Charles, Newton Upper Falls. Bayles, Mrs. James, Tyngsboro. Beals, Mrs. Harry M., Marblehead. Beane, Mrs. Samuel C, North Andover. Beasley, Mrs. Ralph W., Canton. Beaton, Miss Sarah Alice, Middleboro. Beck, Mrs. Edwin F., Needham. Becker, Mr. Howard G., West Spring- field. Behnke, Mrs. Henry A., Wakefield. Belcher, Miss E. B., Winthrop. Bell, Mr. Daniel S., Wellesley Farms. Bell, Miss Mary, Beverly. Benedict, Jr., Mrs. George W., Cohasset. Bennett, Mrs. Harold, Melrose. Benson, Mr. Arthur E., East Braintree. Benson, Mr. Ernest R., Newtonville. Berckmans, Mr. Louis A., Augusta, Ga. Bergstrom, Mrs. Elizabeth V., Waltham. Berry, Miss Agnes L., Maiden. Berry, Miss Ella M., Freeport, Me. Berry, Miss L. A., Maiden. Bickford, Miss Ina A., New Hampton, N. H. Bigelow, Mrs. Edward T., Duxbury. Billings, Miss C. H.. Winchester. Billings, Dr. Charles H.. Norwood. Billings, Mrs. Fred E.. Rockland. Billings, Mrs. Howard J., South Acton. Binney, Miss Emily V., Middletown. Bird, Jr., Mr. Charles Sumner, East Walpole. Birdsall, Mrs. Rebecca C, Dedham. Birnie, Mr. Robert. South Easton. Bischoff, Mr. Ralph P., Newton. Bitman, Mrs. Flora B., Jamaica Plain. Black, Mrs. Frank A., West Newton. Blackman, Mrs. Mabel A., Needham. 103 104 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Blair, Mrs. Jennie L., Boston. Blake, Miss Elsie M., Boston. Blake, Mr. Guy G., Atlantic. Blanchard, Miss Amy, Milton. Blaney, Miss Elizabeth H., Bostcn. Blaser, Mrs. John A., Braintree. Bliss, Mrs. Albert W., Marion. Bloecher, Mrs. Walter P., Waban. Boardman. Mr. Gerald D., Boston. Bond, Mr. H. W., Braintree. Booth, Mrs. Gilbert A., Quincy. Borden, Mrs. Robert R., Fall River. Borge, Mr. John, Rockport. Borrows, Jr., Mrs. Peter, Chelmsford. Borst, Mr. Edward W., Fayville. Bosson, Mrs. Albert D., Boston. Bourne, Mrs. Charles O., Melrose. Boutwell, Mrs. Winthrop S., Andover. Bowes, Miss Ellen C, Boston. Bowker, Mrs. Leland R., East Milton. Boyden, Mrs. Mabel R., Newtonville. Bradford, Mrs. Fiske, Winchester. Bradley, Miss Mabel C, Hyde Park. Bradley, Mrs. W. J., Lawrence. Bradley, Mrs. Walter H., Cambridge. Bradway, Mrs. E. L., Framingham Centre. Brady, Mrs. Walter C, East Braintree. Braley, Miss Lucy B., Rock. Branch, Mr. Lyman T., Stevens Point, Wis. Branigan, Mrs. Edward B., Groton. Bray, Mr. Russell S., Lexington. Breed, Mr. Amos Francis, Chestnut Hill. *Breene, Mr. Charles E., Rockport. Bremner, Mr. Alex N., Orleans. Brewer, Mrs. Charles, Weston. Brewer, Mr. Howard D., Shrewsbury. Brewer, Mrs. Howard D., Shrewsbury. Brien, Mrs. James, Needham. Brigham, Miss Lucy M., Medford. Brigham, Mrs. Robert Otis, Wellesley. Bristol, Mrs. Clark D., Newton High- lands. Bristol, Jr., Mrs. Delos J., Jamaica Plain. Broadbent, Mrs. George, North Billerica. Brooks, Miss Anna G., Westborough. Brooks, Mrs. Constance Codman, Brook- line. Brooks, Mrs. Henry G., Milton. Brown, Mrs. Donald C, West Newton. Brown, Miss Dorothy W., Wollaston. Brown, Mrs. Edward J., Roxbury. Brown, Mrs. Edwin P., Swampscott. Brown, Mr. Ernest, Jamaica Plain. Brown, Dr. Frederick R., Winchester. Brown, Miss Hattie M., South Swansea. Brown, Mrs. J. Porter, Salem. Brown, Jr., Mrs. John, Auburndale. Brown, Mr. Ralph L., Portsmouth, N. H. Brown, Mrs. Roger S., Salem. Brundage, Mr. Percival F., West New- ton. Bryan, Mr. James Francis, Wellesley Hills. Bryan, Mrs. James Francis, Wellesley Hills. Bryant, Mr. Francis 0., Jamaica Plain. Buckland, Miss Louise, Wellesley. Buckley, Miss Elizabeth K., Lexington. Buckley, Mr. John, North Billerica. Buckley, Mrs. Thomas G., Hingham. Buell, Mrs. Elinor F., Boston. Buliung, Miss Helen, Framingham. Bullard, Mrs. Ralph E., Wrentham. Burdick, Mr. George, Needham. Burgess, Mrs. George S., Wellesley Hills. Burk, Mr. William P., Lynn. Burke, Mrs. B. Milo, Brockton. Burr, Mr. Alexander, Kennebunk, Me. Burr, Mr. Chester Thayer, Brookline. *Burrage, 3rd, Mr. Albert C, Ipswich. *Burrage, Jr., Mrs. Albert C, Ipswich. *Burrage, Miss Alice H., Boston. *Burrage, Miss Annie B., Ipswich. Burrage, Mrs. Champlin, Marietta, Ohio. Burrage, Jr., Mr. Charles D., Needham. *Burrage, Miss Cynthia, Ipswich. *Burrage, Miss Katherine L., Boston. *Burrage, Jr., Mr. Russel, Boston. *Burrage, Jr., Mrs. Russel, Boston. Burroughs, Mr. George L., Boston. Bush, Miss Margaret S., Boston. Bush, Professor Vannevar, Belmont. Butler, Mrs. Irene D., West Roxbury. Byrne, Mr. Louis A., Dennisport. Cady, Mr. Thomas E., Dorchester. Cady, Mrs. Thomas E., Dorchester. Cahill, Mrs. William, West Somerville. Caine, Miss Helen B., Wellesley. Caldwell, Mr. Laurence S., Boston. Callahan, Mr. John W., Swampscott. Campbell, Mrs. Donald R., Needham. Campbell, Mrs. E. Scott, Somerville. Campbell, Mrs. Louise H., Chestnut Hill. Carlson, Miss Lily O., Montello. Carmichael, Mr. William, Montreal, P. I. Carroll, Mr. John P., Salem. Carter, Miss Louise Bartlett, Deerfield. Carter, Mrs. Elizabeth, Melrose. Carter, Mr. Morris, Boston. Carter, Mrs. Morris, Boston. Carter, D.M.D., R. B., Pepperell. Carter, Mr. R. S., Melrose. Carth, Mrs. Jean E., Boston. Cartier, Mr. Frank J., Natick. Cartwright, Mrs. Ernest N., Dedham. Cashman, Mrs. J. Howard, Groton. Caspole, Miss Florence E., Everett. Cass, Mr. James R., Hyde Park. Casson, Rev. Charles C, Canton. Casson, Mrs. Robert, Newton Centre. Chadwick, Mr. Bernard, Watertown. Chadwick, Mr. H. L., Houlton, Me. *Life Members. NEW MEMBERS ADDED IN 1931 105 *Chalifoux, Miss Elizabeth, Boston. *Chalifoux, Mr. Francis, Boston. *Chalifoux, Mr. Harold L., Boston. Chandler, Mr. Albert L., Plymouth. Chandler, Mrs. Marguerite H., Newton. Chaney, Mrs. Maude G., Brockton. Chapin, Mrs. H. A., Somerville. Chapin, Mrs. Willard, Camden, Me. Chase, Mr. C. Thurston, Great Barring- ton. Chase, Mrs. Frederic H., Concord. Chase, Jr., Mr. Herbert M., Amherst. Chase, Mr. John P., Canton. Chase, Mrs. Margaret D., East Milton. Cheney, Mr. Oliver F., Framingham. Childs, Mr. Charles H., Lynn. Chouteau, Mrs. Pierre, Cambridge. Church, Jr., Mr. Frederic C, Boston. Churchill, Mr. Joseph R., Dorchester. Churchill, Mrs. William W., Milton. Churchwell, Mrs. John H., Jacksonville, Fla. Clapp, Miss Helen Woodsom, Dedham. Clapp, Mrs. Joseph A., Swampscott. Clapp, Mrs. P. B., Wollaston. Clark, Miss Elinor W., Ayer. Clark, Mrs. Frederic S., North Billerica. Clark, Mrs. Louis J., Newton Centre. Clark, Miss Rosa E., Ayer. Clarke, Miss Ella M., Dorchester Centre. Clute, Mrs. Josephine H., Chestnut Hill. Clymer, Mrs. George, Boston. Cobb, Mr. A. H., Braintree. Cobb, Miss Edith M., Brookline. Coburn, Mrs. Charles F., Wellesley Hills. Coe, Mrs. Frank M., Braintree. Cole, Mrs. Richard T„ Marblehead. Coleman, Mrs. Alfred V., South Wey- mouth. Collins, Miss Eva C, Boston. Collins, Mrs. Joseph H., South Portland, Me. Colman, Miss Grace G., Dorchester. Comer, Mrs. Ernest A., Salem. Comstock, Mrs. Alfred T., Lynn. Condrey, Mrs. Elmer A., Peabody. Coney, Miss Kate E., West Roxbury. Connor, Mrs. Arthur J., Exeter, N. H. Connors, Mrs. Harriet A., Ashland. Contin, Mr. Arthur James. Cook, Miss Mary H., Wellesley. Coolidge, Jr., Mr. Harold J., Cambridge. Coolidge, 2nd, Mr. J. Gardner, Brook- line. Cooper, Mr. John J. W., South Rehoboth. Copeland, Mr. Harold W., Bridgewater. Corbett, Miss Eunice, South Weymouth. Corey, Mr. Harold F., Arlington. Cormerais, Miss Mary E., Dedham. Corning, Mrs. Grover F., Swampscott. Cornwall, Mr. George E., Wakefield. Corwin, Mrs. Harry J., West Medford. Cotton, Mrs. W. Dudley, Jamaica Plain. Cox, Mrs. Carlonine B., Winchester. Crandall, Mrs. Charlotte C, New Rochelle, N. Y. Crane, Mr. Francis Valentine, Needham. Crawford, Miss Louise, Belmont. Crocker, Mrs. Helen M., Falmouth. *Crocker, Miss Muriel, Boston. Cromack, Miss Alice P., New York, N. Y. Cronk, Mrs. C. P., Wellesley. Crosby, Mrs. Horace B., Portland, Me. Cross, Mr. Jerome W., Andover. Crowell, Mr. Ivan H., Boston. Crowley, Mrs. B. J., Buzzards Bay. Cummings, Mrs. Charlotte F., Wollaston. Cummings, Miss Harriett Alma, Brook- line. Cummings, Mr. Joseph F., -Southville. Cummings, Miss Mabel H., Brookline. Cummings, Miss Rosamond, Wellesley. Curran, Miss Margaret, Andover. Curtis.'Mrs. G. S., Boston. Cushing, Miss Alice A., Cambridge. Cushing, Miss Caroline P., Hanover. Cushing, Mrs. Oliver, South Hingham. Cushman, Mrs. Joseph A., Sharon. Cushman, Mr. Leonard, Winthrop. Cushman, Mrs. Robert, Boston. Cutler, Jr., Mr..Roland R., South Sud- bury. Cutter, Mrs. Harris M., Plymouth. Cutter, Mrs. John P., Dedham. Cutter, Miss Mary A., Boston. Dabney, Mr. G. B., Medfield. Daiker, Mr. Herman, Bridgewater. Daiker, Mrs. Herman, Bridgewater. Dalton, Mrs. Martin J., Marlborough. Damon, Mrs. Bertha Clark, Alton, N. H. Damon, Mrs. Fannie B., Winchester. Danforth, Miss Marion A., Tyngsboro. Daniels, Mrs. Carleton R., Islington. Daniels, Miss Ella L., Somerville. *Danielson, Mrs. R. E., Groton. Darling, Mrs. Evalina B., Waltham. Darling, Mr. Mayo A., Waltham. Daunoy, Mr. H. L., New Orleans, La. Davenport, Miss Harriet E., Noi-wood. Davenport, Mr. Russell S., Marlboro. Davies, Mr. E. Alfred, Needham. Davies, Right Rev. Thomas Frederick, Lenox; Davis, Mrs. Charles A., North Abington. Davis, Mrs. Charles Thornton, Marble- head. Davis, Mr. Harold I., Pembroke, N. H. Davis, Mrs. Wayland C, Worcester. Dawes, Miss Aimee B., Boston. Dean, Mrs. Lindley I., Pigeon Cove. Dearborn, Mr. Charles E., Ashland. Decatur, 2nd, Mr. Millard Grey, Maiden. DeCormis, Mrs. Redington, Boston. deHaas, Mrs. J. Anton, Belmont. Deland, Mrs. Frank S., Jamaica Plain. Delano, Mrs. Ellis K., Brockton. *Life Members. 106 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Dennett, Miss Grace E., Arlington. Derby, Jr., Mr. Charles II., Paxton. Derry, Mrs. Gardner C», Sharon. Desmond, Mrs. Ellen G., Somerville. Detlefsen, Mr. George D., Waverly. Dewfck, Mrs. Cora A., Dorchester. DeWitt, Mrs. W. P., Auburndale. Dexter, Mr. Lemuel LeBaron, Matta- poisett. Diehl, Miss Edith M., Newton. Dike, Mr. A. C, Bristol, Vt. Dillaway, Miss Clara L., Newton High- lands. Dillingham, Mrs. Agnes F., Jamaica Plain. Dodd, Mr. George L., Wrentham. Dodd, Mrs. George L., Wrentham. Dodge, Mrs. Bertha Sanford, Cambridge. Dodge, Mr. Carroll W., Cambridge. Dodge, Mrs. R. G., Ipswich. Doe, Mrs. Abbie T., Dover, N. H. Doherty, Mrs. Matthew H., South Lin- coln. Dolben, Mr. John A., Winchester. Donaldson, Mrs. John F., Falmouth. Donaldson, Miss Ruth, Haverhill. Donnelly, Mr. Edward B., Waltham. Donovan, Mrs. Mary E., Lawrence. Dorman, Miss Alice M., West Somerville. Dowd, Mr. John F., East Dedham. Drew, Miss A. Mabel, Westford. Drew, Mrs. Henry J. W., Boston. Drinkwater, Mrs. Ada B., Needham. Drowne, Mrs. Edwin L., Brighton. Duane, Mrs. John J., Quincy Point. Dubac, Mrs. Mae R., Roslindale. Dumaine, Mrs. F. C, Groton. Duncklee, Miss Helen L., Brighton. Dunn, Miss Alice, Quincy. Dunn, Mrs. George F., Fitchburg. Dupee, Mrs. Marjorie S., Waban. Durward, Miss Helen, Woburn. Dusinberre, Mrs. Henry W., Lexington. Dustan, Mr. Ernest B., Belmont. Dwelly, Miss May H., Fairhaven. Dwyer, Mr. William F., Woburn. Dyer, Miss M. Elizabeth, Boston. Eames, Miss Ethel, Medford. Eastman, Miss H. Marjorie, Wellesley. Eaton, Miss Ethel M., Boston. Eaton, Mr. W. P., Sheffield. Eddy, Mrs. G. F., Milton. Edgerly, Miss Martha W., Brookline. Edgerton, Mrs. C. F., Concord. Edmunds, Mrs. A. Benjamin, Fall River. Eisnor, Mrs. T. E., Watertown. Ekstrom, Mr. Roland, Durham, N. H. Eldredge, Mr. Arthur N., Brockton. Eliott, Mr. Raymond, Boston. Ellis, Miss Anna, Norwood. Ellis, Miss Mildred Story, Essex. Elwell, Mrs. Clinton, Auburndale. Emerson, Miss Ethel E., Lunenburg. Engel, Miss Julie A., Penacook, N. H. England, Mrs. Marshall J., Winchester. Ennion, Mr. George, North Billerica. *Erickson, Mrs. Aroich W., Swamp- scott. Erskine, Miss Eleanor, Greenwood, Miss. Estabrook, Mrs. N. M., Maynard. Estes, Mr. Charles W., Wollaston. Evans, Mr. E. Emerson, Framingham. Everett, Mr. Harold C, Watertown. Faber, Mrs. Alexander, Walpole, N. H. Fahey, Mrs. John H., Boston. Fairchild, Miss Sally, Boston. Fairfield, Mrs. Wynn C, Newtonville. Fardy, Mr. Richard F., Norwood. Farley, Mrs. Mary T., Amherst, N. H. Farnham, Mrs. Frank A., Brookline. Farnsworth, Mr. Vincent, Winchester. Farrington, Mrs. Edward I., Weymouth. Faulkner, Mrs. William E., Keene, N. H. Faxon, Mrs. Fred S., Pembroke. Fay, Mr. James J., Charles River Village. Ferguson, Mr. Clem H., Lexington. Ferguson, Mr. Thomas W., Auburndale. Ferguson, Jr., Mr. Thomas W., Rich- mond, Va. Fernald, Mrs. Gardner G., Wilton, Me. Feronetti, Mr. James, East Boxford. Field, Mrs. Nellie A., Fitchburg. Finlay, Miss Mabel G., Boston. Finnegan, Miss Honora, Roslindale. Finney, Mrs. Arthur, West Medford. Fischer, Mr. W. E., Chagrin Falls, Ohio. Fisher, Miss Blanche J., Boston. Fisher, Miss Grace P., Vergennes, Va. Fisk, Mrs. Everett 0., Brookline. Fiske, Mrs. Arthur E., Salem. Fiske, Mrs. W. Perry, Sharon. Fittz, Mrs. Austin H., Natick. FitzGerald, Mrs. Stephen S., Auburn- dale. Fitzpatrick, Mr. Lester E., Norfolk. Fogler, Mr. Ben B., Belmont. Fogler, Mrs. Berdena T., Skowhegan, Me. Foley, Miss Katherine A., Melrose. Ford, Mr. Denis J., Mattapan. Forster, Miss Margaret, Boston. Foster, Miss Charlotte, North Andover. Foster, Mr. Frank W., Beverly. Fox, Mr. E. P., Woburn. Fraim, Mrs. Irving, Waltham. Fraser, Mr. William M., Lewiston, Me. Frederick, Mrs. Evelyn W., Cohasset. Freedman, Miss Queenie L., Swampscott. French, Miss Mabel E., West Somerville. Frisbee, Mr. Frank W., North Andover. *Frost, Mr. Donald McKay, Boston. Frost,' Mr. George Dexter, Newton Centre. Frost, Miss Katharine T., Brookline. Frothingham, Mrs. Thomas G., Boston. *Life Members. NEW MEMBERS ADDED IN 1931 107 Fuller, Miss Adah G., Needham. Fuller, Mrs. Corodon S., Foxboro. Fuller, Mr. Edward M., Providence, R. I. Fuller, Miss M. Louise, Maiden. Fulton, Mrs. G. II., Maiden. Gage, Mrs. Herbert E., Atkinson Depot, N. H. Gale, Mrs. John E., Newton Centre. Gallagher, Mrs. Rollin M., Milton. Gallo, Mr. Joseph, Walpole. Gammon, Mr. Walter E., Shrewsbury. Garcia, Mr. A. H., Walnut Creek, Calif. Gardiner, Jr., Mrs. Robert H., Brook- line. Gassman, Mr. H. M., Birmingham, Ala. Gates, Miss Lucile, Maiden. Geddes, Mrs. James, Brookline. Gerade, Mrs. Alfred A., Melrose. Gerald, Mrs. John, Canton. Geromanos, Mrs. Alice B., Brookline. Gersch, Mr. Herman W., South Swansea. Gibbs, Miss Elizabeth, Groton. Gibson, Mrs. James R., Melrose. Gifford, Rev. A. B., East Saugus. Gilbert, Miss Doris, Brookline. Gilbert, Mrs. Edna B., Wrentham. Gilbert, Mr. Royce W., Brookline. Gilbert, Mrs. W. H., Maiden. Gilman, Mrs. John R., Maiden. Gilmore, Mrs. Frank R., Walpole. Gilpatric, Mrs. Wilbur D., Auburndale. Gleason, Mrs. Carroll C, Dover. Gleavy, Mr. Thomas F., Dorchester. Glendenning, Mrs. Amy C, Lawrence. Goddard, Mrs. Agnes, Hopkinton. Goddard, Mrs. S. J., Framingham. Goddard, Mr. William N., Wellesley Hills. Goldsmith, Mrs. May P., Salem. Gomes, Mr. Walter H., Cambridge. Goodenough, Mr. Byron M., Brighton. Goodhue, Mrs. Albert, Salem. Goodhue, Mr. Everett F., Nashua, N. Y. Goodrich, Mr. Howard F., Haverhill. Goodridge, Mr. Elmer O., Melrose. Goodwin, Mrs. Alice M., Newton Centre. Gordon, Mr. Herman C, Danvers. Gordon, Mrs. Lewis J., Wellesley Hills. Gosse, Mr. Atherton 0., Watertown. Goward, Mr. J. W., Wollaston. Graham, Miss Ida M., North Woburn. Graham, Mrs. James Douglass, Brook- line. Graham, Mrs. Louise H., Jamaica Plain. Graves, Miss Louise B., Boston. Graves, Mrs. M. G., Greenwood. Gray, Miss Hope, Boston. Gray, Mr. Irving H., Burlington, Vt. Gray, Mr. John, North Carver. Gray, Mrs. P. J., Salisbury, Canada. *Gray, Mrs. Reginald, Chestnut Hill. Greeley, Dr. Angela F., Boston. Green, Mrs. Erik H., Providence, R. I. Green, Miss Ethel B., Duxbury. Green, Mrs. Minnie, Boston. Greene, Mrs. Charlotte Nichols, Boston. Greene, Miss Rebecca J., West Somer- ville. Greene, Mrs. Stella M., Maiden. Greenleaf , Mrs. Ralph, Foxboro. Grey, Mrs. Edna L., Woburn. Griffith, Miss Margaret W., Jamaica Plain. Grossmann, Miss Edith B., Jamaica Plain. Gunn, Miss Louise K., Cambridge. Gunther, Mr. Edmund, North Billerica. Gurney, Miss Leila R., Whitman. Haartz, Miss Louise D., West Somerville. Hadley, Mrs. Roger C, Winchester. Haertlein, Mrs. Ethel Eleanor, Cam- bridge. Haines, Mrs. Johnson A., Hinsdale, N. H. Haldeman, Miss Anne Bruce, Cambridge. Hale, Mrs. Albert, Brookline. Haley, Mrs. Daniel E., Chelmsford. Haley, Mrs. Frank, Lynn. Haley, Mrs. Frank J., East Milton. Hall, Mr. Albert W., Leominster. Hall, Mrs. Damon E., Belmont. Hall, Mrs. H. E., Westmoreland Depot, N. H. Hall, Jr., Mrs. Henry S., Cambridge. Hamann, Mrs. Charles A., Cambridge. Hamilton, Ormond, Framingham Centre. Hamilton, Mrs. Robert D., Newburyport. Hansen, Mr. Peder, Marlboro. Hanson, Mr. F. L., Pottersville. Harbour, Mr. Forrest F., Mansfield. Hardy, Mrs. Frank H., Andover. Harrington, Mr. Eugene S., Hingham. Harris, Mrs. H. L., Auburndale. Hartshorn, Mrs. C. Fred, Walpole. Hartshorn, Mr. George Deane, Marble- head. Hartshorn, Mrs. Richard W., East Ded- ham. Harvey, Mrs. William D., Waban. Harvey, Mrs. Winthrop A., Dover. Harwood, Mrs. Charles W., Nahant. Hasey, Mrs. Alice T., West Somerville. Haskell, Mrs. Susie T., Everett. Hastings, Mrs. William A., Wayland. Hatch, Miss Ethel A., Cromwell, Conn. Hathaway, Mr. Lloyd A., North Abing- ton. Hatton, Mr. P. R., Boston. Haven, Mrs. Francis B., Bedford. Haven, Mrs. Margaret C, Bedford. Haven, Mrs. Richard W., Bedford. Havey, Mr. Edward B., Boston. Hawley, Mr. George, Boston. Hawley, Mrs. Henry H., Concord. Hayes, Mrs. Cecil V., Bridgewater. Hayes, Miss Florence E., Cambridge. *Life Members. 108 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Haynes, Miss Muriel S., Auburndalo. Hayward, Mrs. Edith W., Boston. Hayward, Mr. Edward B., South Easton. Hayward, Mrs. Howard S., Brookline. Hayward, Mrs. Otho A., Quincy. Head, Mrs. Mark, Peabody. Healey, Mr. Jerome J., South Weymouth. Heard, Mrs. Hamilton, Cambridge. Hemsley, Miss Fannie C-, Boston. Henry, Mr. H. C, Charlotte, Mich. Herlihy, Dr. John P., Boston. Herman, Mrs. Joseph M., Boston. Herrick, Mrs. Carl E., Reading. Herrick, Miss Emily, Brookline. Herrick, Jr., Mr. Robert F., Beverly Farms. Herrick, Jr., Mrs. Robert F., Beverly Farms. Hetherston, Mrs. Cora, Maiden. Hibbard, Mrs. Arthur A., Milton. Hicks, Mrs. J. Everett, Newtonville. Hidden, Mrs. "William T., Fitchburg. Higgins, Mrs. Etta I., Waltham. Higgins, Mrs. Walter M., Holbrook. Hill, Mrs. Ernest J., Stoneham. Hitch, Mrs. Mayhew R., New Bedford. Hixon, Miss Helen E., Braintree. Hockmeyer, Mr. Otto, Lowell. Hockmeyer, Mrs. Otto, Lowell. Hodgdon, Mr. Philip B., Randolph Centre, Vt. Hodgkins, Mr. George E., Ipswich. Hodgman, Mr. Elliot Tucker, Scituate. Hoedtke, Mr. Ernest C, Melrose. Hogan, Mrs. Ray W., West Newton. Hogg, Mr. John MacGeorge, Greenwood. Holbrook, Mrs. Harrison E., Shrews- bury. Hollister, Mrs. Louise V., Milton. Holman, Mr. Dudley M., Quincy. Holmes, Mrs. Albert W., New Bedford. Holmes, Mrs. Isaac B., Plymouth. Hooper, Mrs. William H., East Milton. Hopkin, Mr. Warren L., Mansfield. Horton, Mr. Paul, Clifton Springs, N. Y. Hosmer, Jr., Mrs. Calvin, Sharon. Hough, Mrs. Leslie, Woonsocket, R. I. Houghton, Mr. Edward R., Milton. Houston, Mrs. F. DeHart, Concord. Hovey, Mrs. Arthur S., Lynn. Howard, Miss Bessie C, Dorchester. Howard, Mrs. Effie M., Marlboro. Howard, Mrs. Eugene, Arlington. Howard, Mrs. Perez B., Newtonville. Howland, Mrs. Llewellyn, Brookline. Hoxie, Mrs. Charles B., East Milton* Hoyt, Mrs. Arthur E-. Newton Centre. Hoyt, Mrs. Charles W., Newtonville. Hoyt, Mr. Herman F., Newton. Huddy, Jr., Mrs. George H., Providence, R. I. Hughes, Miss Gwendoline, Haverhill. Hunt, Miss Mercy M., East Weymouth. Hunt, Mr. W. B., South Easton. Hurd, Mr. 0. Russell, Milton. Hurd, Miss Lily, Concord. Hurley, M.D V Mr. Edward D., Boston. Hurlin, Mrs. William H., Antrim, N. H. Hurst, Mr. George, North Billerica. Hutchins, Mrs. Alexander, Belmont. Hyde, Mrs. Edith D., Lynnfield Centre. Ingalls, Mr. F. D. B., Reading. Ingalls, Mrs. Joseph A., Swampscott. Ingraham, Mrs. Arthur, Oakland, R. I. Ingraham, Jr., Mrs. Arthur, Woon- socket, R. I. Ireland, Mr. Frank, Rye Beach, N. H. Irwin, Mrs. C. H., Arlington Heights. Jack, Mr. George M., East Milton. Jack, Mr. Thomas R., Beverly Farms. Jackson, Mrs. Oscar E., Danvers. Jacobs, Mrs. Annie S., Wellesley. Jacobs, Mrs. Esther A., Danielson, Conn. Jacobus, Miss Mildred, Maiden. James, Mr. Herman A., Bellows Falls, Vt. Jenkins, Mrs. Allen, Shrewsbury. Jenney, Mr. Paul G., Brookline. Jeppson, Mrs. George N., Worcester. Johnson, Mr. Alexander H., Arlington. Johnson, Mr. Emil S., Dunstable. Johnson, Mr. George Blake, Framing- ham Centre. Johnson, Mr. Leslie, Kennebunkport, Me. Johnson, Mr. Marshall L., East Lynn. Johnson, Mrs. Minnie T., Winthrop. Johnson, Miss Rachel, Belmont. Johnson, Mrs. Stafford, Framingham Centre. Jolly, Miss Roberta M., Boston. Jones, Mrs. Charles Lyon, Wellesley Hills. Jones, Miss Faith F., Boston. Jones, Miss Helen L., Boston. Jones, Mr. Jesse W., South Braintree. Jones, Mr. Ralph E., Salem. Jones, Mrs. Robert L., Chelmsford. Jordan, Mrs. Allen F., Waban. Josselyn, Mr. A. Clarence, Townsend Harbor. Joy, Miss Minnie B., South Weymouth. Karcher, Mrs. E. W., Lynn. Karlson, Miss Elsie, Roslindale. Keach, Mrs. Ina W., Danielson, Conn. Keating, Mrs. Helen E., Waltham. Keene, Mrs. H. Nelson, Dedham. Keene, Miss Mary S., Brookline. Keith, Mr. Arthur M., Campello. Keith, Mrs. Mary I., East Bridgewater. Keith, Mrs. Roger, Brockton. Keirstead, Mrs. S. R., Andover. Kelley, Mrs. Herbert W., Winchester. Kellogg, Mrs. Louise W., West Hartford, Conn. Kelsey, Mrs. Harlan P., Salem. Kelsey, Jr., Mr. Harlan P., East Box- ford. NEW MEMBERS ADDED IN 1931 109 Kelsey, Jr., Mrs. Harlan P., East Box- ford. Kelsey, Mrs. Seth L., East Boxford. Kennedy, Miss Bertha S., Bridgewater. Kennedy, Mrs. Joseph M., Medford. Kent, Mrs. Robert W., Newton High- lands. Kent, Mrs. Willard, Woonsocket, R. I. Ker Seymer, Miss Violet, Brookline. Kibling, Mr. Joseph H., Fitchburg. Kidder, Mrs. Henry P., Concord. Kierman, Mr. Prank A., Mattapan. Kierman, Mrs. Raymond A., North Quincy. Kiley, Mr. Daniel U., West Roxbury. Kilpatrick, Miss Mary H., Lowell. Kimball, Mrs. Albert B., Worcester. Kimball, Mrs. Charles H. J., Dedham. Kimball, Mrs. Edward L., Brookline. Kimball, Mrs. George P., Stoneham. Kimball, Mrs. Lura Simmons, Brookline. Kimball, Mrs. Margaret C, Arlington. Kimball, Esq., Hon. Moody, Newbury- port. Kimball, Mrs. Robert Gage, Newtonville. King, Miss Abbie C, Peabody. King, Mr. Charles A., Boston. King, Dr. E. D., Boston. King, Mrs. Marjorie, Boston. Kiniry, Mrs. John B., Dorchester. Kinley, Mrs. E. A., Waban. Kirby, Miss Grace L., Danvers. Kirkpatrick, Mrs. George T., Newton. Knights, Mrs. Charles H., Boston. Knights, Mr. Homer G., Holliston. Kotzen, Mr. Bernard, Chelsea. Kraus, Miss Marion L., Wollaston. Krieger, Mrs. William L., Wollaston. Lacker, Miss Caroline H., Watertowni Ladd, Mrs. George W., West Somerville. Laf abregne, Mr. J., Bellport, L. I., N. Y. Lamper, Mrs. Elmer A., Randolph. Landen, Mrs. C. J., Jamaica Plain. Landry, Mr. Edwin J., Dedham. Lane, Mr. C. Leroy, Haverhill. Lane, Miss Edna P., Winthrop. Lane, Miss Inez G., Beverly. Lang, Mrs. Horace B., Lowell. Larrabee, Mrs. J. Lillian, Antrim, N. H. Lassman, Mr. Nathan, Haverhill. Latham, Mr. Herbert B., Rumford, R. I. Latimer, Ph.D., Mr. L. Phelps, Durham, N. H. Laurie, Mr. John M., Stoughton. Laurie, Jr., Mr. Robert, Stoughton. Lavallee, Mr. L. Palmer, Worcester. Lawrence, Mr. Beardsley, Sharon. Lawrence, Mrs. Beardsley. Sharon. Lawrence, Mrs. Charles H., Cambridge. Lawrence, Miss Mary II., Boston. Laws, Mrs. Frank A., Brookline. Lawton, Mr. David, Pawtucket, R. I. Lawton, Mrs. J. James, Hopedale. Lee, Mrs. Francis W., Chestnut Hill. Lee, Mr. Guy H., Boston. Lee, Mrs. Joseph, Boston. Lehan, Mr. James, Stoughton. Leland, Jr., Dr. George A., Brookline. Leland, Mrs. Herbert M., Brookline. Lemieux, Mrs. Dorothy L., Beverly. Lennox, Mr. Thomas P., Reading. Leonard, Mrs. Ralph D., Melrose. Lerned, Mr. Walter H., Belmont. Lewis, Miss Arnetta, Boston. Lewis, Jr., Mr. George, Sherborn. Libbey, Miss Alia A., Newton Centre. Libby, Mrs. George R., West Somerville. Libby, Mr. Ira F., West Roxbury. Libby, Miss Mildred A., West Somerville. Lincoln, Mr. Leslie B., Whitinsville. Lindberg, Mr. A. F., Beverly. Linder, Mrs. David H., Canton. Lipp, Mr. Lewis Frederick, Beverly. Littell, Miss Lucy, Boston. Littlefield, Mrs. Frank D., Milton. Locke, Miss Christina B., Dorchester. Lockwood, Mr. Newton L., Plainfield, Conn. Long, Mrs. Arthur, Campello. Long, Mrs. Sim Perry, Chattanooga, Tenn. Long, Mrs. Willis E., Stoughton. Lord, Mr. Charles E., Newton. Lord, Miss Ethel M., Melrose. Lord, Miss Eva Mae, Forge Village. Lord, Mr. John C, Belmont. Loring, Miss Alice Page, Boston. Loring, Mrs. B. T., Watertown. Lougee, Mrs. W. W., Maiden. Loury, Miss May H., Canton. Lovell, Mr. Hollis R., Falmouth. Lovell, Mr. John H., Boston. Lovett, Miss Eleanor H., Brookline. Lowden, Mrs. Selma B., Needham. Lowell, Dr. Mary C, Brookline. Lund, Mrs. Jennie- N., Maiden. Lunden, Mr. Berndt Oskar, Norwood. Lunn, Mr. Grant J., Woods Hole. Lunt, Mrs. Lawrence K., Concord. Lurvey, Miss S. Almira, Brookline. Lyman, Miss Caroline, North Woburn. Lynch, Mrs. Margaret, Fall River. Lynch, Mrs. P. L., Independence, Iowa. Lynn, Mrs. Allan H., Campello. Lyon, Miss Kate L., Cambridge. Macdonald, Mr. Henry A., Sharon. Mace, Mrs. Susanna M., Attleboro. MacFadden, Miss Priscilla, Boston. Mackenzie, Mrs. Andrew, Newton Centre. Mackey, Mr. Edward M., Brookline. Mackey, Mrs. Edward M., Brookline. MacKinnon, Miss Alda, West Somerville. Macomber, Mrs. C. Clark, Newton. MacRae, Mr. Arthur L., West Medford. Macurda, Mr. W. H., Concord, N. H. Maddocks, Mr. Albert F., Canton. Maden, Mr. William, Hope, R. I. Mahady, Mrs. Gertrude L., West Rox- bury. 110 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Malley, Mrs. Charles A., Chestnut Hill. Mann, Mr. Raymond, Chestnut Hill. Manning, Mrs. Ethel Guild, Reading. Mansfield, Mrs. Frank W., Canton. March, Mrs. Gordon B., Chestnut Hill. March, Mrs. Robert I., Greenfield. Marcotte, Mr. Lewis A., Oxford, Me. Marno, Mrs. John W., Belmont. Marshall, Mr. J. Manuel, Gloucester. Marshall, Mrs. Mary E., Wollaston. Marshall, Mrs. Mary W., Maiden. Marshall, Mr. Ralph S., Newtonville. Martin, Mrs. Ethel G., West Newton. Marvel, Mrs. William W., Fall River. Maxim, Mrs. E. L., Middleboro. Maynard, Mrs. G. S., Newtonville. Mayo, Miss F. Helen, West Roxbury. Mayo, Mrs. Ida G., Boston. McAuliffe, Mrs. F. J., Swampscott. McAvoy, Miss Nellie L., Boston. McCabe, Mr. Bernard, North Billerica. McCain, Mrs. William, Greenwood, Miss. McCaughey, Mr. W. J., Warren, R. I. McDaniel, Miss Nettie, Beverly. McDonough, Miss M. A., Dorchester. McElroy, Miss Ella, Hopkinton. *McGinley, Mrs. John R., Manchester. McGlone, Mrs. Mary E., Melrose. McGrath, Miss Katherine A., Fitchburg. McGray, Mrs. E. V., Medford. McKay, Mrs. Donald D., Newton High- lands. McKay, Miss Marjorie, Cambridge. McKee, Mrs. Gordon, Wellesley Hills. McKelvey, Mrs. Jennie, Battle Creek, Mich. McKemma, Mr. Harold A., Newton Centre. McKenzie, Mr. Edward, West Quincy. McNeilly, Mrs. Robert A., Brockton. McPhail, Mrs. Raymond L., Brighton. McRae, Mrs. Thomas L., Brighton. McSweeney, Mrs. Margaret E., Framing- ham. McTavish, Mrs. Gordon, Groton. Meadows, Miss Sylvia F., Waban. Meany, Mr. John B., Arlington. Melcher, Mrs. George, Boston. Merrick, Mrs. Herbert B., Andover. Metcalf, Miss Elsie, Franklin. Metcalf, Mrs. George Putnam, Concord. Miles, Miss Alice W., Worcester. Miller, Mrs. Edward E., Roslindale. Miller, Mr. William, Bar Harbor, Me. Miller, Mrs. William Davis, Providence, R.I. Millholland, Miss C. B., Cambridge. Mills, Mrs. E. G., Newton. Milne, Mr. Thomas, Osterville. Mitchell, Mrs. George, Groveland. Mitchell, Mr. James E., Barre, Vt. Mixer, Mrs. Florence S., Watertown. Mixter, Mrs. Samuel, Brookline. Monahan, Mrs. Justine H., Dedham. Monk, Mrs. Anna C, Stoughton. Moody, Miss Alice M., Boston. Moore, Mrs. Eva E., Brockton. Moore, Mrs. George A., Brockton. Moore, Mr. Richard T., Roslindale. Morey, Mrs. George P., Lexington. Morgan, Mrs. Eva C, Melrose. Morgan, Mrs. Ralph L., Worcester. Morin, Mr. George A., Boston. Morison, Mr. Horace, Boston. Morse, Miss Sarah E., Medway. Mortimer, Miss Emma A., Haverhill. Moss, Jr., Mr. Fred L., Canton. Mossman, Miss Mary, Milton. Mumford, Mrs. E. H., Concord. Munson, Mr. Robert L., Melrose. Murphy, Mrs. B. Stewart, Concord. Murphy, Miss Eleanor, Milton. Murphy, Miss Ellen M., Lawrence. Murphy, Miss Rose, Newtonville. Murphy, Mrs. W. Lawrence, Milton. Murray, Mrs. A. N., Melrose. Nash, Mrs. Alfred H., Abington. Nash, Mrs. John, Norwich, N. Y. Nash, Mrs. Otis C, Dedham. Nason, Miss Anna L., West Roxbury. Nay, Mrs. Frank N., Brookline. Nealy, Mrs. Walter A., South Hanson. Nedlick, Mr. Charles V., Redondo Beach, Calif. Needham, Mr. Frank, Cambridge. Neff, Mrs. Annie Page, Boston. Nelson, Mrs. Anna L. D., Brookline. Nelson, Mrs. C. O., Stoughton. Nelson, Miss Ruth J., New Bedford. Newhall, Mrs. Harry K., Brighton. Newhall, Dr. Herbert W., Lynn. Newhall, Mrs. John B., Lynn. Newton, Miss Brenda E., Melrose. Newton, Mrs. J. W., Newton Centre. Newton, Miss Olive E., Melrose. Nicol, Mr. James, Falmouth. Norris, Mrs. John L., Lexington. Norton, Miss Helen Frances, North Chatham. Norton, Mr. William K., West Roxbury. Nowack, Miss Evelyn, Groton. Noyes, Mrs. Leonard H., Haverhill. Oakes, Miss Alice M., Beverly. O'Brien, Mrs. John, Framingham Centre. O'Callaghan, Mrs. Macie E., Arlington Heights. O'Connor, Miss Elizabeth W., Dor- chester. Odiorne, Mrs. John A., Wellesley Hills. O'Donnell, Mrs. Eugene E., Boston. Ojala, Mr. George, East Jaffrey, N. H. Olin, Mr. Edwin Read, Braintree. O'Meara, Miss Mary T., West Medford. O'Neil, Mrs. Eugene, Rockland, Me. Ormsby, Mrs. Harold C, Wakefield. Orswell, Miss Lois, Narragansett, R. I. *Life Members. NEW MEMBEKS ADDED IN 1931 111 Osborn, Mrs. George L., Watertown. O'Shea, Mrs. Mabel P., Lynn. Packard, Mrs. Donald K., Chestnut Hill. Packard, Mrs. Lester E., Brockton. Packard, Miss Mary K., Roslindale. Packard, Mr. Winthrop, Canton. Paddock, Mrs. Arthur K., Hingham. Page, Mrs. J. Harvey, Cambridge. Page, Mrs. Minnie S., Boston. *Paine, Mr. Richard C, Brookline. *Paine, Mrs. Richard C, Brookline. Paiva, Mr. Gabriel Dias, Cambridge. Palmer, Mr. Allison W., Braintree. Palmer, Mrs. William H., Cascade, N. H. Pappas, Mr. Herbert D., Claremont, N. H. Paradis, Miss Marie E., Boston. Parker, Mrs. Grace L., East Bridge- water. Parker, Mr. W. L., Islington. Parker, Mrs. William C, Woburn. Parkhurst, Mrs. Hazel M., Hollis, N. H. Parkhurst, Mrs. LeRoy, Chelmsford. Partelow, Miss Helen, Reading. Pascall, Mrs. Harry, Chelmsford Centre. Pasell, Mrs. G. W., New Bedford. Patch, Mrs. Caroline M., Stoneham. Patrick, Mr. M. F., Provincetown. Patten, Miss Laura P., West Medford. Pauls, Mr. Paul J., Plainfield, N. J. Payne, Miss Edith E., Portsmouth, N. H. Payson, Mrs. C. Clifford, Brookline. Pearce, Mrs. Arthur P., Newton Centre. Peat, Mrs. John, Devon, England. Peirce, Mrs. Estelle C, North Dart- mouth. Peirce, Miss Ethel M., Needham. Peirce, Mrs. Herbert W., Waltham. Peirce, Miss Isabelle I., Lincoln. Pelham, Mr. F. E., Brookline. Pelham, Mrs. Fred E., Brookline. Penney, Mr. Walter H., Cliftondale. Perham, Miss Maude H., Chelmsford. Perkins, Miss Caroline B., Newton. Perkins, Mr. Fred, Warren. Perkins, Mrs. Mattie C. B., Dover, N. H. Perry, Miss Ada M., South Weymouth. Perry, Miss Annie M., Shrewsbury. Perry, Jr., Mrs. Arthur, Dover. Perry, Mr. August, North Plymouth. Perry, Mr. C. C, West Newton. Perry, Dr. Lillian G., Hingham. Persons, Mr. Ernest G., Hudson. Pettey, Mr. D. Earl, Greensboro, N. C. Pettingill, Mrs. Rodney G., Dedham. Phelps, Miss Mabel O., Cambridge. Phinney, Mrs. Katherine H., West Roxbury. Phippen, Mrs. George S., Brookline. Phippen, Mrs. Walter G., Salem. Pickering, Mrs. John, Salem. Pierce, Mrs. Florence H., Cambridge. Pierce, Miss Harriet B., Quincy. Pike, Miss Edith Wingate, Newton. Pike, Mr. George H., Maiden. Pilling, Mr. Earl W., Dedham. Pillsbury, Miss Ruth, Lynnfield. Piper, Mrs. Harry L., North Wilbraham. Pitman, Miss Marion E., Canton. Plummer, Mrs. William E., Swamp- scott. Pommer, Miss Gertrude A., Roslindale. Porter, Mrs. Charles Allen,, Boston. Porter, Mr. Fred H., Beverly. Porter, Mrs. R. W., Wellesley Hills. Porter, Mrs. Ursula F., Beverly. Poulton, Mr. Albert H., Attleboro. Powell, Mrs. Charles A., Brighton. Power, Mr. Martin, Millis. Pratt, Miss Amy L., South Glaston- bury, Conn. Pratt, Mrs. Chester M., Dedham. Precious, Mrs. William C, Forge Village. Preston, Mrs. Burton, Portland, Me. Previte, Mr. Albert S., Lawrence. Price, Mr. Charles P., North Natick. Price, Mr. George Whitfield, Peabody. Price, Miss Margaret. New Bedford. Pridham, Mr. Alfred M. S., Ithaca, N. Y. Priest, Mr. George H., Brockton. Priest, Mrs. George H., Brockton. Prince, Mrs. Fred A., Hingham. Pringle, Mr. Ernest, West Concord. Proctor, Miss Barbara, Pottersville. Pulsford, Mr. Arthur Hill, Arlington Heights. Purdy, Mr. Harris H., Cambridge. Purington, Mrs. Mary R., Marblehead. Purmort, Miss Hazel M., Boston. Purney, Mrs. J. A., West Newton. Putnam, Mrs. F. Delano, Boston. Queen, Mrs. Chester H., Tyngsboro. Quimby, Mr. George F., Wellesley. Randall, Mrs. Charles E., Wakefield. Randall, Mrs. Walter B., Braintree. Rathbun, Mrs. Edward Harris, Woon- socket, R. I. Raymond, Mrs. Fairfield E., Cambridge. Rayner, Mr. James E., Newton High- lands. Rea, Mr. Eben E., Wakefield. Rea, Miss Mary W., Maiden. Read, Miss Ethel A., Newton Centre. Read, Mrs. Wilder C, Chelmsford. Redding, Mrs. John C, Wollaston. Reed, Miss Elsie 0., New Bedford. Reed, Miss Martha, Groton. Reynolds, Mr. Frank, Peabody. *Life Members. 112 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Reynolds, Mrs. Harry S., Haverhill. Rhoades, Mrs. Albert L., Watertown. Rice, Mrs. Horace J., Wilbraham. Rice, Mrs. James N., Quincy. Rice, Mr. Neil, South Hamilton. Rice, Mrs. Neil, South Hamilton. Rich, Mrs. W. S., Maiden. Richardson, Mrs. Benjamin Parker, Brookline. Richardson, Miss Harriet C, Win- chester. Richmond, Mrs. Henry P., Chestnut Hill. Ridgeway, Mr. Joseph T., Newton Centre. Riggs, Mrs. Freda E., Reading. Ritchie, Mrs. Andrew Elliot, Chestnut Hill. Robbins, Mr. Charles E.. Wakefield. Roberts, Mrs. George E., Arlington. Roberts, Mrs. Mabel M., Dorchester. Robinson, Mr. H. J., Needham. Robinson, Mr. John T., Hyde Park. Rockwell, Mrs. C. P., Auburndale. Rodman, Miss Elizabeth, Wickford, R. I. Rodman, Mr. Walter, Wickford, R. I. Rogers, Miss Anna K., Boston. Rogers, Mrs. Robert K., Dover. Rollins, Miss Virginia, Jamaica Plain. Roome, Mr. J. Frank, North Billerica. Rose, Mrs. Pearl G-. L., Framingham. Roulston, Miss Ethel D., Dorchester Centre. Roundy, Mrs. Leon, North Billerica. Rouse, Mr. Stanley Welch, New Bedford. Rudkin, Miss Marion, Dorchester. Rule, Mr. James H., North Billerica. Rumrill, Mr. William S., Milton. Russell, Mrs. E. S., Belmont. Russell, Mrs. George C, Jamaica Plain. Russell, Mr. Newton H., South Hadley Centre. Rust, Miss Mabel 0., Gloucester. Ryan, Mr. Harold, Roslindale. Sabine, Mr. Charles W., Chestnut Hill. Safford, Mr. A. L., Reading. Sage, Mrs. Nathaniel, South Dart- mouth, i St. George, Mrs. Charles, Quechee, Vt. Sampson, Mr. Earle A., Medford. Samuelson, Miss Hildur, Everett. Sanborn, Miss Hattie L., Wollaston. Sanders, Miss Miriam D., Derry Village, N. H. Sanderson, Mrs. Elizabeth R., Newton Highlands. Saunier, Miss Rylla E., Ipswich. Sawada, Mr. K., Crichton, Ala. Sawyer, Miss Anna Weld, Worcester. *Sawyer, Mr. Frank S., Boston. Schoen, Miss Jean, Watertown. Schroeder, Mrs. William C, Water- town. Schwabauer, Mr. William, Maiden. Scoboria, Mrs. Arthur G., Chelmsford. Scott, Mrs. R. G., Dedham. Seale, Mr. W. Arnold, Wellesley Hills. Searles, Mrs. Harry W., South Wey- mouth. Searles, Mr. Howard H., Marlboro. Seaver, Miss Martha, Waban. Seavey, Mrs. Charles L., Wollaston. Segelman, Mr. Max, Revere. Seiler, Mrs. Charlotte J., Newton. Semple, Miss Agnes S., Watertown. Semple, Mrs. Margaret R., Petersburg, Va. Sewall, Mrs. J. B., Brookline. Sewall, Mrs. R. L., Boston. Sharp, Dr. Merton R., Uxbridge. *Shattuck, Mr. George C, Brookline. Shaw, Mrs. Fred E., Medford. Shaw, Mrs. Harry L., Falmouth. Shaw, Mr. Stephen E., North Dart- mouth. Shaw, Mrs. Walter J., Ipswich. Shaw, Mr. Walter K., Concord. Sheafe, Mrs. William, Boston. Shedd, Mr. Walter H., Newton High- lands. Shedd, Mrs. Walter H., Newton High- lands. Sheehan, Miss Isabelle Marie, Rock- port. Sheehan, Mrs. Robert F., Lawrence. Sheldon, Mrs. Edward P., Reading. Shepard, Mrs. O. Atherton, Brookline. Sherburne, Mrs. Warren, Lexington. Sherman, Mrs. Helen S., Brookline. Sherman, Mrs. Nathaniel A., Plympton. Shibles, Mr. Clinton, Rockport, Me. Ships, Miss Lillian, Cambridge. Shore, Mr. Jack, Chelsea. Shore, Miss Rose, Boston. Shreve, Mrs. Benjamin D., Salem. Shumway, Miss Estelle W., Dedham. Shurtleff, Mrs. Josiah B., Revere. Sibley, Miss Emma M., Newtonville. Sibley, Miss Lillian W., Salem. Sibley, Miss Winonah E., Lexington. Simmerer, Mrs. A. J., Atlantic. Simmons, Mrs. Emeline H., Lynn. Simmonds, Mrs. Henry G., Brookline. Simpson, Mrs. T. I., Chelmsford. Simpson, Mr. William Charles, Arling- ton. Sjulin, Mrs. Leslie R., Hamburg, Iowa. Sloan, Mrs. David, Swampscott. Smiley, Mr. Geo. E., Indian Orchard. Smith, Captain A. W., Lincoln. Smith, Mrs. Allison C, Maiden. Smith, Miss Barbara H., Gardner. Smith, Mrs. Clifford P., Waban. Smith, Mrs. Edith M., Bradford. *Life Members. NEW MEMBERS ADDED IN 1931 113 Smith, Mr, Elbert C, Brooklyn, N. Y. Smith, Mrs. Fred A., Hudson. Smith, Mr. George F., Roslindale. Smith, Mrs. George S., East Hebron, N. H. Smith, Mr. Giles M., Belmont. Smith, Miss Helen B., Lynn. Smith, Mr. Henry Monmouth, Brook- line. Smith, Mrs. Henry P., Brockton. Smith, Mrs. J. E. M., East Milton. Smith, Miss J. S., Groton. Smith, Mrs. James Stuart, Lexington. Smith, Mr. John P., Fall River. Smith, Mrs. John P., Fall River. Smith, Miss Josephine T., Groton. Smith, Mrs. Norman B., Brookline. Smith, Mrs. S. Abbot, Cambridge. Smith, Mrs. Thomas D., Wayland. Snow, Mr. F. R., Plymouth. Snow, Mrs. Grace I., Plymouth. Snow, Mr. Samuel P., West Roxbury. Snow, Jr., Mrs. William B., Brookline. Solomon, Mr. Arthur W., Savannah, Ga. Southgate, Mrs. Alice D., Auburndale. Southgate, Mrs. Richard, Washington, D. C. Spencer, Mrs. George H., Cambridge. Spicer, Mrs. Hattie, Bridgewater. Spurr, Mr. Charles, Stoughton. Stafford, Miss Maud E., Fairhaven. Stanley, Miss Abbie M., Beverly. Steacie, Mr. Clifford, Newtonville. Steinhoff, Mrs. Frances C, Toronto, Ont. Stevens, Mrs. Grace R., Wellesley. Stevens, Miss Kate PL, North Andover. Stevens, Mrs. S. Dale, North Andover. Stevenson, Mrs. W. B., Waban. Stewart, Miss Lydia M., Hyde Park. Stinson, Mrs. Frederic J., Dedhain. Stocking, Mr. Walter H., Coraopolis, Pa. Stockman, Mrs. Frederick W., Boston. Stone, Mr. Orra, Clinton. Strong, Miss Agnes W., Auburndale. Stratton, Mrs. Charles E., Belmont. Sulloway, Mrs. Richard W., Franklin, N. H. Sunderland, Mr. Cyril W., East Green- wich, R. I. Swan, Mrs. D. O., Lowell. Sweeney, Miss Aila E., North Cohasset. Sweet, Mrs. Fred W., Melrose. Sweetland, Mrs. August, West Newton. Sweetser, Mrs. Erwin W., Chelmsford. Swift, Mrs. Howard, Falmouth. Swift, Mrs. Leslie W., Whately. Swift, Mrs. Robert W., Readville. Swinson, Mr. Frank Oscar, Gloucester. Symmes, Mrs. C. H., Winchester. Taft, Mrs. Edmund M., Whitinsville. Talbot, Miss Alice M., Grove Hall. Tallman, Miss Elizabeth D., Boston. Tarr, Mrs. Orren S., Everett. Taylor, Mr. Eugene A., Sharon. Taylor, Mrs. Frederick B., Hingham. Taylor, Mrs. Thomas Irving, Waban. Taylor, Mrs. N. H., South Weymouth. Terry, Mrs. Florence L., Cambridge. Tewksbury, Mrs. Willis H., Andover. Thackara, Miss Elizabeth, Boston. Thompson, Miss Agnes, Norfolk. Thompson, Mrs. George R., Wollaston. Thomson, Mr. Theodor C, Belmont. Thorndike, Mrs. A. L., Boston. Thorndike, Mrs. Richard K., Millis. Thorne, Mrs. E. M., Somerville. Thurlow, Rev. Edward K., Sheffield. Tibbitts, Miss Blanche A.', Hyde Park. Tibbitts, Miss Mary Kingsley, Hyde Park. Tiffany, Miss Elizabeth, Lowell. Tileston, Mrs. John, Hyde Park. Timberlake, Mrs. L. F., Portland, Me. Tobey, Mr. George B., Framingham. Torrey, Mr. John, Cambridge. Torrey, Miss Madeleine R., Beverly. Towle, Mrs. Alan S., Wakefield. Towne, Miss Addie E., Franklin, N. H. Townes, Mr. Hall, Augusta, Ga. Toye, Miss Doris, Jamaica Plain. Trask, Mrs. Warren D., Melrose High- lands. Trombla, Mr. J. Edward, Melrose. Trow, Mr. James H., Salem. Truesdell, Mrs. David E., Melrose. Trueworthy, Miss Ethel, West Lynn. Tryon, Mrs. James L., Medford. Tucker, Mr. Thomas F., Newtonville. Tuthill, Mrs. Beulah L., Lakeside, Mich. Tyler, Miss Mildred A., South Lincoln. Udell, Mrs. Conant W., Dracut Center. Ulmer, Miss Caroline, Newton Centre. Upton, Mrs. George, Cambridge. Valentine, Mrs. Henry C, Lexington. Van De Bogert, Mrs. H. P., West Medford. Vanderbilt, Mr. William H., Newport, R. I. Vanderbilt, Mrs. William H., Newport, R. I. Vaughan, Mrs. Percy C, Fitchburg. Vidler, Mrs. Donald M., Melrose, High- lands. Vinal, Mrs. Herbert C, Waltham. Vinton, Miss Mary I., Melrose. Vogt, Mrs. L. E., West Roxbury. Vuilleumier, Miss Antoinette, Newton- ville. Wagner, Miss Helen, Norwell. Walker, Miss Esther M., Newtonville. Walker, Mrs. Frank P., Wrentham. Walker, Mrs. Joseph T., Boston. Wallace, Jr., Mrs. George R., Fitch- burg. 114 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Walsh, Mrs. Francis P., Lowell. Walter, Mrs. Richard O., Auburndale. Walters, Miss Fanny, West Roxbury. Ward, Dr. Hugh K., Lexington. Ward, Miss M. Gertrude, Fitchburg. Ward, Mr. Ralph S., Beverly. Warren, Mr. Manfred L., Lexington. Warren, Mrs. Samuel D., Boston. Waterman, Mrs. H. O., Falmouth Heights. Watters, Mr. Harold E., Melrose. Way, Mrs. Anna F., Melrose. Weatherby, Mrs. F. S., Brookline. Webb, Mrs. Josie K., Fitzwilliam, N. H. Webster, Miss Ellen A., Cambridge. Webster, Mrs. Hollis, Lexington. Weeks, Mrs. Sinclair, West Newton. Weinstein, Mr. Hyman, Salem. Weinz, D.M.D., Willis H., Boston. Welch, Miss Caroline B., Falmouth. Welch, Mrs. Edward J., Lowell. Wells, Jr., Mr. Charles M., Brookline. Wells, Mrs. Lincoln B., Deerfield. Welsh, Mrs. James P., Framingham. Werntz, Mrs. Theodore A., Wallingford, Conn. West, Miss Elsie M., New Bedford. West, Mrs. Henry, Jamaica Plain. Westwood, Mr. T. H., West Roxbury. Wezel, Mr. Adrian P., Northampton. Wheeler, Mr. Charles H., Marblehead. Wheeler, Miss Eva O., Wollaston. Wheeler, Miss Sarah M., Cambridge. Wheelwright, Mrs. Charles, Boston. Wheelwright, Mrs. E. Marsh, Medfield. Whipple, Mrs. Frederick A., Attleboro. Whipple, Mrs. Paul, Lexington. Whitaker, Miss Sarah B., Northampton. White, Mrs. E. C, Cambridge. White, Mr. Kenneth B., Cambridge. White, Mrs. Wilfrid O., Waban. Whitehurst, Mr. James T., Troy, N. Y. Whiting, Mr. William C, North Han- over. Whitney, Mrs. C. Hayden, Concord. Whitney, Miss Celestia, Boston. Whitney, Mrs. F. P., Pittsfield. Whittier, Mrs. Charles W., Milton. Whittier, Mrs. John K., Dunstable. Wiesmann, Mr. William, Norwood. Wight, Mr. Jesse E., Natick. Wilcox, Mrs. Wallace L., Providence, R. I. Wilder, Mr. Edwin M., Melrose. Wilder, Miss Geraldine, Melrose. Wilkins, Miss Estelle, Portsmouth, N. H. Wilkes, Mrs. F. Howard, Dedham. Williams, Miss Hilda W., Brookline. Williston, Mrs. Arthur L., Dedham. Willson, Mr. W. H., Reading. Wilson, Mr. Bradford R., Southbridge. Wilson, Mrs. Charles O., Lowell. Wilson, Mrs. Frank A., Lowell. Wilson, Mrs. George H., Oak Lawn, R. I. Wilson, Mrs. Kate De Normandie, Kingston. Wilson, Mrs. Martha S. C, Concord. Wing, Mrs. William E., Portland, Me. Wise, Miss Rita A., Dorchester. Wiswall, Mrs. Edward Hastings, Welles- ley. Woelfel, Mr. Ernest A., Peabody. Wonson, Miss Martha T., Boston. Wood, Mr. C. W., Copemish, Mich. Wood, Mrs. Clifford, Swampscott. Wood, Mrs. Colburn C, Plymouth. Wood, Mrs. Howard O., Billerica. Wood, Miss Joanna M., Medford. Wood, Mr. Lewis F., Swampscott. Woodbury, Miss Alice Choate, Salem. Woodman, Mrs. Edwin F., Salem. Woodside, Mrs. A. F., Winchester. Woodsom, Mrs. Annie, Amesbury. Woodward, Mrs. Edward 0., Newton- ville. Woodward, Mr. Joshua Loring, Dover. Wray, Mrs. Jean, Winchester. Wren, Mrs. Frank G., Tufts College. Wright, Mr. Alfred, Wellesley. Wright, Miss Anna, Beverly. Wright, Miss Caroline, Chelmsford. Wright, Mrs. Edmund, Abington. Wright, Mrs. Marian, West Roxbury. Wrightington, Mrs. Sydney R., Lexing- ton. Wronski, Mr. Joseph, North Billerica. Wyman, Mrs. Walter S., Augusta, Me. Yerrington, Miss Ellen M., Cambridge. Young, Mrs. Charles E., Winchester. Young, Mr. David G., Dover. Young, Dr. Evangeline W., Framing- ham. Young, Miss Mazie, Groton. Youngken, Dr. Heber W., Boston. Zappey, Mrs. Nellie K., Reading. Zwicker, Mrs. W. S., Marblehead.